Climatotherapy


Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

climatotherapy

[¦klī·mə·tō′ther·ə·pē]
(medicine)
Placing a person in a suitable climate to treat a certain disease. Also known as climate therapy; climotherapy.

Climatotherapy

 

use of climatic and weather factors for the treatment and prevention of diseases. Medical climatology is the theoretical basis of climatotherapy and climatoprophylaxis (that is, strengthening health by exposure to climatic factors).

The elements of the climatic and weather complex are the active principle in climatotherapy; they include the location of a place above sea level, barometric pressure, air temperature, amount of precipitation, humidity, force and direction of the wind, cloudiness, and intensity of solar radiation. The effect of the radiation properties of the soil, distinctive characteristics of the landscape, and similar factors are also taken into account in carrying out climatotherapy. The diversity of climates permits differentiation of climatotherapy and conditioning of the body under various climatic conditions. A steppe climate combined with koumiss is used in the treatment of tuberculosis; a semidesert climate is favorable for the treatment of kidney diseases. A marine climate is indicated for the treatment of respiratory diseases, functional diseases of the nervous system, metabolic disorders, and so forth; a mountain climate has a powerful effect on the respiratory and vascular systems and stimulates metabolism.

The principal methods of climatotherapy include aerotherapy (air baths, remaining in the open air), heliotherapy, and thalassotherapy (combined use of aerotherapy, heliotherapy, and saltwater bathing). In addition to oxygen and ozone, the air along the banks of mountain rivers, near the sea, in mountains, and amid vegetation contains a substantial amount of aeroions. Sunlight increases the excitability of the nervous system and stimulates metabolism and the production by the organism of vitamin D. A low barometric pressure stimulates the respiratory and circulatory functions, promotes the formation of red blood cells, and improves metabolism.

Climatotherapy is widely used at all health resorts, especially at climatic ones—mountain, plains (forest, steppe, those with a semidesert climate), and sea resorts—as well as in sanatoriums, rest homes, holiday hotels, Pioneer camps, tourist centers, and the like. In carrying out climatotherapeutic and climatoprophylactic treatment, use is made of special areas set aside for sun and air baths (aerosolaria), of beaches, paths for walking therapy, places for active games, verandas and galleries where people can stay outdoors in bad weather, and, during the winter, of roofed, glass-enclosed, and heated verandas (climate pavilions).

REFERENCES

Osnovnye printsipy i metodiki klimatolecheniia. Edited by A. S. Vishnevskii. Moscow, 1965.
Vishnevskii, A. S., and G. A. Nevraev. Metodicheskie ukazaniia po organizatsii klimatoterapii na kurortakh, v sanatoriiakh i domakh otdykha. Moscow, 1960.
Parfenov, A. P. “Klimatoterapiia.” In Osnovy kurortologii: Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1959.

L. G. GOL’DFAIL’

References in periodicals archive ?
Available treatments in Cyprus include elective surgery, cardiology, orthopaedic surgery, dentistry, cosmetic and plastic surgery, eye surgery, advanced reproductive technology and climatotherapy treatments.
16, 2010 (TAP)- The 63rd General Assembly of the World Federation of Hydrotherapy and Climatotherapy (FEMTEC) will be held next November 1-2 in Tunis on the theme of: "Tradition, Quality and Innovation in Spa Sector.
Summary: Tunis, June 29, 2010, SPA-- The World Federation of Hydrotherapy and Climatotherapy (FEMTEC) will hold here on Thursday a seminar on "Better services in hydrotherapy centers and ways of enhancing this field.
Rapid initiation of repigmentation in vitiligo with Dead Sea climatotherapy in combination with pseudocatalase (PCKUS).
Uv light has been known to help people with psoriasis but climatotherapy can also be used.
For want of a vaccine for the tubercle bacillus, climatic therapy, or climatotherapy, continued to be recommended as the standard treatment for its victims, but as a general cure-all climatotherapy quickly lost ground.
As yet, there is no climatotherapy center for psoriasis in the United States.
The All-Russian Forum was this year organized with the support of the Russian Federation Federal Agency for Tourism, Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan,, State Duma Committee on Health Care, Russian Academy of Sciences, Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, the World Federation of Hydrotherapy and Climatotherapy (FEMTEC), Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia, National Spa Association, Russian Union of Touring Industry, Moscow Public State Center Hospitals "Moscow Scientific and Practical Center for Medical Recovery, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine of the Moscow City Health Department".
Climatotherapy and Talassotherapy upsurge: In many countries, besides medical hydrological and balneological interventions, climatotherapeutic and thalassotherapeutic methods are used depending on geographic location and natural features.
TUNIS, June 27, 2010 (TAP) - Tunisia is hosting next November 1-2, the 63rd General Assembly of the World Federation of Hydrotherapy and Climatotherapy (FEMTEC) and its scientific congress on the theme: "Innovation and quality in hydrotherapy sector.
Due to the excellent characteristics of its maritime mild climate, Porto Santo' island gathers all the conditions for the practice of maritime climatotherapy.
18, 2009 (TAP) - The World Federation of Thermalism and Climatotherapy (FMTC) awarded President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali its honour diploma, in consideration for his sustained action in favour of thermalism in Tunisia and international co-operation in the field of water cures.