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Placing a person in a suitable climate to treat a certain disease. Also known as climate therapy; climotherapy.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



use of climatic and weather factors for the treatment and prevention of diseases. Medical climatology is the theoretical basis of climatotherapy and climatoprophylaxis (that is, strengthening health by exposure to climatic factors).

The elements of the climatic and weather complex are the active principle in climatotherapy; they include the location of a place above sea level, barometric pressure, air temperature, amount of precipitation, humidity, force and direction of the wind, cloudiness, and intensity of solar radiation. The effect of the radiation properties of the soil, distinctive characteristics of the landscape, and similar factors are also taken into account in carrying out climatotherapy. The diversity of climates permits differentiation of climatotherapy and conditioning of the body under various climatic conditions. A steppe climate combined with koumiss is used in the treatment of tuberculosis; a semidesert climate is favorable for the treatment of kidney diseases. A marine climate is indicated for the treatment of respiratory diseases, functional diseases of the nervous system, metabolic disorders, and so forth; a mountain climate has a powerful effect on the respiratory and vascular systems and stimulates metabolism.

The principal methods of climatotherapy include aerotherapy (air baths, remaining in the open air), heliotherapy, and thalassotherapy (combined use of aerotherapy, heliotherapy, and saltwater bathing). In addition to oxygen and ozone, the air along the banks of mountain rivers, near the sea, in mountains, and amid vegetation contains a substantial amount of aeroions. Sunlight increases the excitability of the nervous system and stimulates metabolism and the production by the organism of vitamin D. A low barometric pressure stimulates the respiratory and circulatory functions, promotes the formation of red blood cells, and improves metabolism.

Climatotherapy is widely used at all health resorts, especially at climatic ones—mountain, plains (forest, steppe, those with a semidesert climate), and sea resorts—as well as in sanatoriums, rest homes, holiday hotels, Pioneer camps, tourist centers, and the like. In carrying out climatotherapeutic and climatoprophylactic treatment, use is made of special areas set aside for sun and air baths (aerosolaria), of beaches, paths for walking therapy, places for active games, verandas and galleries where people can stay outdoors in bad weather, and, during the winter, of roofed, glass-enclosed, and heated verandas (climate pavilions).


Osnovnye printsipy i metodiki klimatolecheniia. Edited by A. S. Vishnevskii. Moscow, 1965.
Vishnevskii, A. S., and G. A. Nevraev. Metodicheskie ukazaniia po organizatsii klimatoterapii na kurortakh, v sanatoriiakh i domakh otdykha. Moscow, 1960.
Parfenov, A. P. “Klimatoterapiia.” In Osnovy kurortologii: Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Avrach, "Malignant tumours and psoriasis: climatotherapy at the Dead Sea," British Journal of Dermatology, vol.
Uv light has been known to help people with psoriasis but climatotherapy can also be used.
For want of a vaccine for the tubercle bacillus, climatic therapy, or climatotherapy, continued to be recommended as the standard treatment for its victims, but as a general cure-all climatotherapy quickly lost ground.
As yet, there is no climatotherapy center for psoriasis in the United States.
Climatotherapy and Talassotherapy upsurge: In many countries, besides medical hydrological and balneological interventions, climatotherapeutic and thalassotherapeutic methods are used depending on geographic location and natural features.
TUNIS, June 27, 2010 (TAP) - Tunisia is hosting next November 1-2, the 63rd General Assembly of the World Federation of Hydrotherapy and Climatotherapy (FEMTEC) and its scientific congress on the theme: "Innovation and quality in hydrotherapy sector."
Due to the excellent characteristics of its maritime mild climate, Porto Santo' island gathers all the conditions for the practice of maritime climatotherapy.
18, 2009 (TAP) - The World Federation of Thermalism and Climatotherapy (FMTC) awarded President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali its honour diploma, in consideration for his sustained action in favour of thermalism in Tunisia and international co-operation in the field of water cures.
Keywords: Thalassotherapy, Climatotherapy, Medical Hydrology and Climatology, Health Resort Medicine
Even if natural climatotherapy at the Dead Sea for skin and joint diseases has been proven both highly effective and almost without side effects, more studies are necessary for defining and delimiting optimal protocols to be followed by patients suffering from heart and lung diseases.
Keywords: Dead Sea, Climatotherapy, Psoriasis, Atopic Dermatitis, Vitiligo