Clipperton Island

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Clipperton Island,

uninhabited atoll, c.2 sq mi (5.2 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, c.800 mi (1,290 km) SW of Mexico. It was used as a base by John Clipperton, an English pirate. The French claimed it in 1858, the Americans held it for a time in the Spanish-American War, and Mexican troops occupied it in 1897. The conflict between France and Mexico was referred to the king of Italy for arbitration in 1908. The award was made (1931) in favor of France, and Mexico surrendered the island in 1932. The island is administered from French Polynesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Like the panel in Island of Palmas, the panel in Clipperton Island found that it was not sufficient for a state to assert sovereignty based solely on the act of physical discovery, which conferred only an "inchoate title" and the right to incorporate the island into the discovering state's possession.
204) Largely due to the geopolitical exigencies of this volatile time in world history--with French forces expelled from the region by the Japanese navy, which in its turn was driven from the territories following World War II--neither state would likely be able to demonstrate effective use and occupation sufficient to confer territorial sovereignty as per Island of Palmas and Clipperton Island.
Jon Bonfiglio says: "The team battled the hostility of Clipperton island and its surrounding reefs to conduct scientific studies and become uncomfortable witnesses of the environmental impact of our global human activities on one of the most remote locations on Earth.
Additional notes on the invertebrate fauna of Clipperton Island.
This doctrine was refined in the Sovereignty Over Clipperton Island, a case between France and Mexico.
In the case of Clipperton Island, all that was required of the French was that they publicize their claim to the island and exclude others from it.
One male was collected on shell fragments (18[grados]02'31" N, 102[grados]45'21" W, 30 m, Jun-23-1993), increasing the geographic range 35 km south of Clarion Island and 1 100 km north of Clipperton Island.
These results are consistent with the migration reports through tagging studies; evidence exists for the presence of two main yellowfin tuna groups in the eastern Pacific that mix to some extent (Fink and Bayliff, 1970) and that migrate longshore from around the 20[degrees]N to the mouth of the Gulf of California and to the zone between the Revillagigedo and the Clipperton islands, and back again (Joseph et al.
444), and the intermediate locality southeast, Clipperton Islands (0.
Previous reported range: Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea to Hawaii, Cerralvo Island, Gulf of California to Malpelo Island, Colombia; Clarion and Clipperton Islands (Castro 1971; Wicksten and Hendrickx 1992; Hoover 1998).
It had been reported previously from Marshall, Galapagos and Clipperton Islands.