Clipperton Island


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Clipperton Island,

uninhabited atoll, c.2 sq mi (5.2 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, c.800 mi (1,290 km) SW of Mexico. It was used as a base by John Clipperton, an English pirate. The French claimed it in 1858, the Americans held it for a time in the Spanish-American War, and Mexican troops occupied it in 1897. The conflict between France and Mexico was referred to the king of Italy for arbitration in 1908. The award was made (1931) in favor of France, and Mexico surrendered the island in 1932. The island is administered from French Polynesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ophioblennius steindachneri is primarily a tropical species previously known as far north as Isla Guadalupe, northern Baja California (SIO 57-190) and extending southwards throughout almost all of the Gulf of California and to Peru, including all of the islands off of Baja California, Mexico, Central America and northern South America, with the exception of Clipperton Island (Love et al.
Like the panel in Island of Palmas, the panel in Clipperton Island found that it was not sufficient for a state to assert sovereignty based solely on the act of physical discovery, which conferred only an "inchoate title" and the right to incorporate the island into the discovering state's possession.
Jon Bonfiglio says: "The team battled the hostility of Clipperton island and its surrounding reefs to conduct scientific studies and become uncomfortable witnesses of the environmental impact of our global human activities on one of the most remote locations on Earth.
Of those fish recovered, 19 were tagged off Baja California, 4 fish off the Revillagigedo Islands, 2 fish off Clipperton Island, and I fish well offshore at about 4 [degrees] N and 119 [degrees] W.
In the case of Clipperton Island, all that was required of the French was that they publicize their claim to the island and exclude others from it.(16)
Looking back on the decisions made in the Island of Palmas, Sovereignty Over Clipperton Island, and Legal Status of Eastern Greenland, one is forced to wonder if the islands in question would even be considered islands in the first two cases.
One male was collected on shell fragments (18[grados]02'31" N, 102[grados]45'21" W, 30 m, Jun-23-1993), increasing the geographic range 35 km south of Clarion Island and 1 100 km north of Clipperton Island. It had been reported previously from Galapagos Island, Costa Rica, Panama, Mexican Pacific: southern Gulf of California and Isabel Island.
These results are consistent with the migration reports through tagging studies; evidence exists for the presence of two main yellowfin tuna groups in the eastern Pacific that mix to some extent (Fink and Bayliff, 1970) and that migrate longshore from around the 20[degrees]N to the mouth of the Gulf of California and to the zone between the Revillagigedo and the Clipperton islands, and back again (Joseph et al., 1964; Fink and Bayliff, 1970), although longitudinal movements are restricted to the limits of yellowfin regulatory area (CYRA).
Furthermore, allele frequencies for the Gpi-[F.sup.*]75 allele from the coastal locality, Colima (0.444), and the intermediate locality southeast, Clipperton Islands (0.409), have coincidences with those reported by Ward et al.
Previous reported range: Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea to Hawaii, Cerralvo Island, Gulf of California to Malpelo Island, Colombia; Clarion and Clipperton Islands (Castro 1971; Wicksten and Hendrickx 1992; Hoover 1998).
It had been reported previously from Marshall, Galapagos and Clipperton Islands. Reference: Clark, A.