open-ended question

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open-ended question

a type of question in a QUESTIONNAIRE in which the respondent's choice of answer is not prestructured but left entirely free. Analysis of open-ended questions is obviously less straightforward than for FIXED-CHOICE QUESTIONS, which can be pre-coded. However, open-ended questions have the advantage, of not imposing a frame of reference on respondents (see MEASUREMENT BY FIAT).

For this reason they may be preferred to fixed choice questions in some contexts and by some researchers (e.g. as an adjunct to PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION or in the early exploratory stages of research), and can be used alongside fixed-choice questions as appropriate. see also SOCIAL SURVEY.

References in periodicals archive ?
Closed-ended question: The question is restrictive and might provide response categories.
These are the major findings from a recent exploration into the topic of what Americans want in the next commander in chief, which used both open-ended questions to allow Americans to describe their views on the matter in their own words, and a closed-ended question asking them to rate the importance of 16 different characteristics.
In the closed-ended question about copyright, faculty specialty did not play a role in responses.
The final closed-ended question falling under the theme of academic interest examined responses to the situation of a professor having a negative attitude towards athletes.
A closed-ended question would be: "Do you like sparkling wine?" This calls for a yes or no answer and does not lead to dialogue, rapport or sales.
SOLUTION: Instead of asking a closed-ended question, ask the candidate to describe an experience dealing with a particular set of circumstances.
Using responses to a closed-ended question, they categorized participants as perceiving themselves to be "underweight," "about right" or "overweight." Comparisons of respondents' BMI and perceived weight yielded the weight misperception measure.
One of them was a closed-ended question designed to determine knowledge: Have you ever seen a person having a heart attack?
An example of a closed-ended question would be: "Is your headache pain one-sided?" as opposed to, "Can you tell me about your headache pain?"
This suggests that, without prompting from a closed-ended question (e.g., "Do you think the U.S.
One-way chi square tests were conducted to determine the statistical significance of the findings for each closed-ended question or statement while two way chi square tests will be used to control for the possible effects of gender and age on responses.
A closed-ended question is one that elicits a brief, usually factual answer.

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