closed shop

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closed shop

[¦klōzd ′shäp]
(computer science)
A data-processing center so organized that only professional programmers and operators have access to the center to meet the needs of users.
(industrial engineering)
An establishment permitting only union members to be employed.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Closed Shop

 

in capitalist countries the demand presented by a trade union to an entrepreneur that the latter hire only members of that particular union. In making these demands, the union often assumes the obligation of supplying the entrepreneur with the labor force needed. Under preferential hiring, which is a variety of the closed shop, the entrepreneur pledges to give preference to members of this union in hiring workers. The demand for the closed shop is resisted by entrepreneurs, whose interest is in weakening the trade unions. In the USA the closed shop is prohibited by the federal Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 as well as by the laws of several states. The closed shop is also prohibited in several provinces of Canada, in Australia, and elsewhere.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

closed shop

A construction project operating under a work system that requires membership in a particular union as a necessary condition of employment.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

closed shop

An environment in which only data processing staff is allowed access to the computer. Contrast with open shop.
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