Clupeiformes


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Clupeiformes

[‚klü·pē·ə′fȯr‚mēz]
(vertebrate zoology)
An order of teleost fishes in the subclass Actinopterygii, generally having a silvery, compressed body.

Clupeiformes

 

an order of bony fishes. The body is usually silvery and laterally compressed. The pectoral fins are placed low, and the ventral fins are usually in the middle of the abdomen. There is a single, spineless dorsal fin. The fishes usually range in length from 5–6 to 60 cm and in weight from a few grams to 0.5 kg. Only a few species reach a length of 2–2.4 m. The scales are cycloid.

The order contains 15 suborders, embracing about 50 families. Amont the more important families are Clupeidae (herring), Engraulidae (anchovies), Salmonidae (trout), Thymallidae (graylings), Osmeridae (smelts), Daliidae (with the single species Dallia pectoralis), Chanidae (milkfishes), Esocidae (pikes), and Arapaimidae (with the single species Arapaima gigas). Some ichthyologists place a number of families into separate orders (for example, the orders Isospondyli and Haplomi).

The fishes of the order Clupeiformes are distributed in many seas and in some brackish and fresh waters. They are extremely important in commercial fishing, making up as much as one-fifth of the world’s fish catch.

REFERENCES

Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anchoveta Engraulis ringens (Jenyns) Teleostomi, Clupeiformes, Engraulidae.
Pellona castelnaeana Valenciennes, 1847, commonly called "apapa amarelo" or "sarda", is considered the largest sardine of South America, and one of the largest species known from the order Clupeiformes (Queiroz et.
Japanese anchovy is a small pelagic fish belonging to the order Clupeiformes and is widely distributed around Japan.
Over the shelf break of the SBB (at depths of 200-800 m), aggregations contained virtually no Clupeiformes (Soares et al.
Los ergasilideos parasitan peces de los ordenes Clupeiformes, Cypriniformes, Siluriformes, Atheriniformes y Perciformes en peces de la amazonia brasilera (Thatcher et al.
However, at a population level, they may be considered serial spawners, similar to most other Clupeiformes.
La metacercaria de los didymozoideos no muestra ninguna preferencia por ninguno de los hospederos paratenicos y se puede encontrar en peces cartilaginosos como Rhinobatidae y en peces oseos como Clupeiformes, Atheriniformes, Beloniformes,
Carcharhiniformes 1 4 2 5 Scorpaeniformes 1 4 1 3 Elopiformes 1 4 1 3 Clupeiformes 1 4 1 3 Cyprinodontiformes 1 4 1 3 Characiformes 3 13 9 24 Siluriformes 4 17 5 13 Syngnathiformes 1 4 1 3 Batrachoidiformes 1 4 1 3 Perciformes 9 38 15 39 Pleuronectiformes 1 4 1 3 Total 24 100 38 100 Table 2.
Homology between the recessus lateralis and cephalic sensory canals, with the proposition of additional synapomorphies for the Clupeiformes and the Clupeoidei.
O mesmo ocorre com Clupeiformes, Gymnotiformes e Osteoglossiformes.