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(vertebrate zoology)
An order of teleost fishes in the subclass Actinopterygii, generally having a silvery, compressed body.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an order of bony fishes. The body is usually silvery and laterally compressed. The pectoral fins are placed low, and the ventral fins are usually in the middle of the abdomen. There is a single, spineless dorsal fin. The fishes usually range in length from 5–6 to 60 cm and in weight from a few grams to 0.5 kg. Only a few species reach a length of 2–2.4 m. The scales are cycloid.

The order contains 15 suborders, embracing about 50 families. Amont the more important families are Clupeidae (herring), Engraulidae (anchovies), Salmonidae (trout), Thymallidae (graylings), Osmeridae (smelts), Daliidae (with the single species Dallia pectoralis), Chanidae (milkfishes), Esocidae (pikes), and Arapaimidae (with the single species Arapaima gigas). Some ichthyologists place a number of families into separate orders (for example, the orders Isospondyli and Haplomi).

The fishes of the order Clupeiformes are distributed in many seas and in some brackish and fresh waters. They are extremely important in commercial fishing, making up as much as one-fifth of the world’s fish catch.


Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Modeling transport and retention of Engraulis anchoita Hubbs & Marini, 1935 (Clupeiformes, Engraulidae) early life stages along the Central Southwestern Atlantic Continental Shelf.
Phylogenetic relationships among anchovies, sardines, herrings and their relatives (Clupeiformes), inferred from whole mitogenome sequences.
0.87 0.05 5.71 <0.01 Tremoctopodidae Tremoctopus violaceus 1.74 0.10 5.72 0.01 Vitreledonellidae Vitreledonella richardi 1.74 0.07 4.26 <0.01 Vampyromorphida Vampyroteuthidae Vampyroteuthis infernalis 6.96 2.42 34.82 2.96 Unidentified cephalopods 33.04 29.57 89.47 33.04 TELEOSTEI Clupeiformes Engraulidae Engraulis ringens 2.61 1.12 42.91 1.52 Gadiformes Macrouridae Coryphaenoides sp.
Orden / Familia / Especie Y SH N SA CLUPEIFORMES Engraulididae 1.
Synbrarichiformes 5% Beloniformes 2% Chainniformes 2% Cypriniformes 21% Siluriformes 32% Clupeiformes 4% Osteoglossiformes 4% Percifomies 30% Pleuronectiformes 2% Note: Table made from pie chart.
Pellona castelnaeana Valenciennes, 1847, commonly called "apapa amarelo" or "sarda", is considered the largest sardine of South America, and one of the largest species known from the order Clupeiformes (Queiroz et.
Of the prey orders representing over 20% FO, gadiform fishes were the primary-occurring prey species (FO = 51.85%), followed by Clupeiformes (51.52%) and perciform fishes (23.72%).
He discovered that the gill rakers of sardine specimens (Clupeiformes: Clupeidae: Sardina) began to form on the gill arch when the larva was about 20 mm long.
Length-weight relationship and condition factor of Ilisha melastoma (Clupeiformes: Pristigasteridae) off Pakistan.