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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of fish of the family Clupeidae. The body measures as much as 15 cm in length and weighs 8–10 g. Species inhabiting the Caspian Sea are commonly called sprats. Clupeonella has four species. One, C. delicatula, has two subspecies: the Caspian tiul’ka (C. delicatula caspia) and the Black Sea tiul’ka (C. delicatula delicatula). The other three species are found only in the Caspian Sea.

Members of the genus feed on plankton and live in schools. They become sexually mature at the age of two to three years. The eggs are pelagic. The fish have great commercial significance, especially the anchovy-like tiul’ka (C. engrauliformis).


Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bunlar; Clupeonella cultriventris (Nordmann, 1840), C.
Three species of Caspian Sea sprat live in the Caspian Sea: Clupeonella engrauliformis (Anchovy kilka), Clupeoneela grimmi (Big eyed kilka) and Clupeonella cultriventris (Common kilka).
The fish species used for this study were golden grey mullet (Liza Aurata), common carp (Caprinus Carpio), common kilka (Clupeonella Cultriventrif Caspea), Caspian kutum (Rutilus Srisii Kutum) and pike perch (Sander Lucioperea).