ISLAMABAD -- In a blatant violation of the Geneva Convention and international laws, the Indian army has resorted to barbaric and inhuman tactics as it has used cluster munitions
along the Line of Control (LoC) to target the civilian population, Pakistani military said Saturday.
HRW said it had gathered photographs, video and other evidence indicating that cluster munitions
had been used in air strikes against the Houthi rebel stronghold of Saada province in Yemen's northern mountains in recent weeks.
In a statement extended to Sudan Tribune on Thursday, Human Rights Watch (HRW) accused the Sudanese government of using cluster munitions
, classed as indiscriminate weapons banned under the convention on cluster munitions
that Sudan has yet to join.
The Convention on Cluster Munitions
(CCM) is "an international treaty that addresses the unacceptable harm to civilians caused by cluster munitions
, through a categorical prohibition of the weapon and a framework for action" (UNDP 2014).
The rocket is the largest type of cluster munition
rocket to be used in Syria and contains sub-munitions that are more powerful and deadly than other types of sub-munitions," HRW said in a statement.
"Syria's extensive cluster munition
use is casting a sombre shadow over the real progress that the convention is making to put an end to the human suffering that these weapons cause," Wareham said.
Department of Defense (DOD) Policy on Cluster Munitions
"We think the evidence is compelling that the Syrian government forces have used cluster munitions
," Stephen Goose, from both CMC and the campaign group Human Rights Watch, said in London, as he launched a report on the use and disposal of the weapons worldwide.
A cluster bomb, also known as cluster munition
, is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases smaller bomblets, also known as sub-munitions.
Organizations such as the Cluster Munition
Coalition have a long-term goal of disarming the world's militaries, he said.
The group observed the cluster munition
used was a Spanish-produced MAT-120 120 mm mortar projectile, which it said opens in mid-air and releases 21 submunitions over a wide area.
The CMC points out that Bulgaria signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions
in Oslo, Norway, on 3 December 2008, after playing an active role in the Oslo Process.