The theme of co-optation
, in fact, deserves further scrutiny here.
Of the seven non-sanctioned political tactics, there was no significant difference between people's frequency of use and their perceptions of social desirability for only one tactic: "control of information." Comparison of means suggests that people see three of the non-sanctioned political tactics as more frequently used than socially desirable: "intimidation and innuendoes," "manipulation," and "blaming or attacking others." In contrast, comparison of means further suggests that people see three of the no n-sanctioned political tactics as more socially desirable than frequently used: "co-optation
," "using surrogates," and "organizational placements."
The first generated internal struggles over charges of co-optation
; demands for accountability fed concerns over authenticity.
cultures and writers elude the dialectic of co-optation
, a process
In contrast to the CAW's more strictly adversarial approach and wariness of co-optation
through employee involvement schemes, the USWA has advocated an approach of active engagement of workers in decision making at all levels of the company.
What we do hear about frequently is the compromise of religious leaders, especially Orthodox ones, and their co-optation
by the Communist regimes.
Government repression and co-optation
of the arts led to the tanda's decline in the 1930s, but the cabaret tradition it represented is kept alive today by a number of artists.
In order to keep it from coming back, the newsletter recommends the use of "cost/benefit analyses" as well as the flat-out co-optation
of environmental organizations with offers of money and jobs:
government then has three options: Accept co-optation
was facilitated by the migration of African-Americans in the first half of this century and the end of the last to Northern, usually industrial, towns like Lorain, a process that accelerated the separation of families and friends as it removed them farther from whatever common culture existed in the rural South (Willis, Specifying 83109).
of the marches prompted Fatah to announce on May 16 it was withdrawing its own participation.