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Coachella Valley(kō'əchĕl`ə), arid region, SE Calif., N of the Salton Sea. Water is brought into the region by artesian wells and by the Coachella Canal (123 mi/198 km long), a branch of the All-American CanalAll-American Canal,
80 mi (129 km) long, SE Calif.; part of the federal irrigation system of the Hoover Dam. Built between 1934 and 1940 across the Colorado Desert, the canal is entirely within the United States and replaces the Inter-California Canal, which passes through
..... Click the link for more information. built between 1938 and 1948; more than 100,000 acres (40,500 hectares) have been irrigated. Truck crops, dates (the majority of U.S. production), citrus fruits, and alfalfa are grown in the region. The products are shipped from the city of Coachella, in the valley's south, which serves as a distribution point for the valley. The valley also includes such resort communities as Palm Springs and Palm Desert; the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival is held in Indio.