Coast Defense

Coast Defense

 

the sum of forces and means intended for the defense of naval bases, ports, military-economic and administrative centers, bays, straits, and coastal communications against attacks from the sea by enemy ships and against enemy naval landing operations. Coast defense developed in the 19th century. Coastal artillery was the main weapon in its arsenal before the middle of the 20th century; also employed were machine gun artillery units and infantry units of various sizes, the marines, antiaircraft artillery, coastal ships and cutters, and various fortifications. The combination of fire from coast artillery and minefields formed the basis of the mine and artillery positions established at the entrances to bays and straits and at the approaches to the most important naval bases. Several battalions of coast artillery (three or four batteries in each), machine gun, infantry, and antiaircraft artillery units made up a coast defense sector. A strip of coast (or a group of islands) protected by several coast defense sectors is called a maritime (or island) fortified coast defense region. An isolated group of coastal batteries (usually on an island or cape) with a single system of permanent fortifications is called a coast (or island) fort. Prior to World War II the USSR and Germany had the most highly developed coast defense systems. Coast defense has been retained as an organizational unit in the navy or army of certain capitalist states. It carries out its missions independently or in cooperation with land and air forces.

N. P. V’IUNENKO

References in classic literature ?
But what of their ancient coast defenses? What was there here in Plymouth Bay to prevent an enemy landing in force and marching where they wished?
The Navy and Coast Defense Command had confirmed its high readiness to strike any ship threatening the Yemeni coast, stressing that with the escalation of the Saudi-led coalition threats to mobilize more troops to invade Yemen on the West coast in order to occupy Hudaydah, the Yemeni naval forces are ready to face the challenge.
He serves on the Board of Directors of the Chessie System Historical Society, CSXT historical Society, International Nava; Research Organization, Frankfort Civil war Round Table, and Coast Defense Study Group.
Written by Glen Williford, co-founder of the Coast Defense Study Group (the only American historical society dedicated to the Coast Guard), Racing the Sunrise chronicles American efforts to rebuild its military presence in the Philippines and Hawaii, as well as the labor to supply Bataan and Corregidor in early 1942.
The advertising agency lists itself as a contact for the Oregon Coast Defense League, which is sounding the alarm about potential wave energy parks off the coast.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The Navy and Coast Defense Command confirmed its high readiness to strike any ship threatening the Yemeni coast.
5, the catalyst for the acquisition of these vessels, and the service of navy patrol yachts and patrol craft; Japan's submarine offensive off the US West Coast; West Coast defense measures and the Navy's oQ Shipso; the war in the Aleutians; the Battle of Midway; the loss of Guam and the Philippines; and the battle between a Russian submarine and the small Coast Guard cutter McLane and YP-251.
Battle Ready: The National Coast Defense System and the Fortification of Puget Sound, 1894-1925
This volume begins with the war spreading to New Mexico, and covers Mormon war strategy; Johnston reacts; Rio Colorado; west coast defenses; Pacific adventures, presidential intrigue; Kane's passage to Utah; Kane among the Mormons; raising regulars, volunteers, and Sam Houston; Kane and Turmoil at Camp Scott; the Mormon move south; the mountain moves to Mohammed; the players maneuver; the testing of Alfred Cumming; the differing needs of Johnston, Buchanan, and Kane; enter the peace commissioners; and the army arrives.
While militarily superior to Syria, Israel fears this edge will be blunted by Assad's Russian-made air and coast defenses, especially if Israeli forces are stretched over three fronts.
Meanwhile, the military built up its East Coast defenses. The Civil Air Patrol opened its first base in March 1942, near Atlantic City.