Coast Artillery

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Coast Artillery

 

a form of maritime artillery set up on a coast. Its purpose is to do combat with hostile surface vessels in the coastal zone; it may also be used to destroy land targets. Coast artillery developed considerably in the middle of the 19th century with the appearance of armored ships; its armament began to include naval guns. In the navy of the USSR, coast artillery is equipped with radar and fire-control devices. The main fire subunit is the artillery battery, which is armed with heavy-, medium-, and small-caliber artillery mounts. Coast artillery includes fixed (turret-housed and shield-protected) and mobile batteries. Turreted batteries (heavy-caliber guns) are set up in armored turrets; shield batteries (medium- and small-caliber artillery mounts) are set up on open sites and have armored shields that protect personnel and gun mechanisms from strikes by shell fragments. Mobile batteries may have guns mounted on special railroad flatcars (very-heavy-caliber guns) or may be on mechanical traction.

B. I. SERGEENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
It said the vessel was shelled by coastal artillery on Sunday when it was 13 nautical miles off Tobruk and that it then came under air attack twice.
The military also fired a Spike missile, which is capable of precisely striking Pyongyang's coastal artillery pieces.
John Crewsdon was an instructor at the Coastal Artillery School during the war and recalls training hundreds of soldiers to fire guns on the Great Orme for the new Marine Drive Audio Trail.
Buildings which have come off the register are Langley Old Hall, Burnhope and Priory farm at Muggleswick, County Durham, 4 Eldon Square in Newcastle, Clifford's Fort in North Shields Fish Quay and the coastal artillery battery at Blyth.
North Korea has apparently redeployed semi-submersible vessels along its de facto maritime border with South Korea and is priming coastal artillery for a major military drill, a Seoul daily reported Monday.
The rusting wreckage of coastal artillery pieces and downed aircraft also dot the islands, and bomb craters several meters deep scar heavily hit zones.
The coastal artillery also took part in the military exercises against vessels offshore, while the Syrian frogmen commandos and other forces performed marine landing and airdrop to storm and free any given site from enemies.
Technically a coastal artillery force, this unit, the Natal Naval Volunteers, never took part in a maritime engagement.
He adds: "As Heugh battery improved it became obvious that as a coastal artillery fort we would require artillery.
He was a Veteran of WW II serving in the US Army with the coastal artillery and later with an artillery unit in the Third Army in France and Germany.
St Mawes is a quaint seaside town, it is the home to one of Henry VIII's coastal artillery fortresses, and guarded the important anchorage of Carrick Roads, sharing the task with Pendennis Castle on the other side of the Fal estuary.
The remains of the Royal Artillery's former Coastal Artillery School on Llandudno's Great Orme have been 'scheduled' or protected by the historic buildings and ancient monuments body Cadw.

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