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Coburg(kō`bo͝ork), city (1994 pop. 45,980), Bavaria, central W Germany, on the Itz River. Coburg's indsutries include lumber and paper milling, brewing, and the manufacture of glass, machinery, electrochemical equipment, and toys. Mentioned in the 11th cent., Coburg in 1353 passed to the house of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . It was the alternate capital (with Gotha) of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha from 1826 to 1918 and joined Bavaria in 1920. The large ducal castle (16th cent.) was the residence of Martin Luther in 1530. The city has a modern convention hall (1962).
a city in E Germany, in N Bavaria. Pop.: 42 257 (2003 est.)