Cochin China


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Cochin China

(kō`chĭn, kŏ`–), Fr. Cochinchine, historic region (c.26,500 sq mi/68,600 sq km) of Vietnam, SE Asia. The capital and chief city was Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh CityHo Chi Minh City,
formerly Saigon,
city (1997 pop. 5,250,000), on the right bank of the Saigon River, a tributary of the Dong Nai, Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City is the largest city, the greatest port, and the commercial and industrial center of Vietnam.
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). Cochin China was bounded by Cambodia on the northwest and north, by the historic region of AnnamAnnam
, historic region (c.58,000 sq mi/150,200 sq km) and former state, in central Vietnam, SE Asia. The capital was Hue. The region extended nearly 800 mi (1,290 km) along the South China Sea between Tonkin on the north and Cochin China on the south.
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 on the northeast, by the South China Sea on the east and south, and by the Gulf of Thailand on the west. It included the rich MekongMekong
, Chinese Lancang, one of the great rivers of SE Asia, c.2,600 mi (4,180 km) long. From its marshy source (definitively identified in 1994) on the Rup-sa Pass in the highlands of Tibet, it rises as the Za Qu (Dza Chu) and flows generally S through Yunnan prov.
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 delta, one of the world's great rice-growing regions, and, in the northeast, the southern spurs of the Annamese Cordillera, where rubber, coffee, tea, oil palm, and sugarcane plantations were established. Only the Plaine des Joncs [reed plain] and the mangrove-covered Ca Mau peninsula were not cultivated. Cochin China was originally part of the Khmer EmpireKhmer Empire
, ancient kingdom of SE Asia. In the 6th cent. the Cambodians, or Khmers, established an empire roughly corresponding to modern Cambodia and Laos. Divided during the 8th cent., it was reunited under the rule of Jayavarman II in the early 9th cent.
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. In the 17th cent. the Annamese (later called Vietnamese) gradually infiltrated through the mouths of the Mekong, increasing their commercial influence until they became masters of the region in the middle of the 18th cent. After the French occupied Saigon (1859), Annam ceded to France both E Cochin China (1862) and W Cochin China (1867). Unlike the other sections of Indochina, which were French protectorates under native rulers, Cochin China was administered by the French as a colony; thus, French influence was strongest there. After World War II the status of Cochin China became a major issue in the relations between France and Vietnam. Constituted (1946) as an independent republic within the Federation of Indochina, Cochin China was later (1949) permitted by the French to join with Annam and Tonkin in Vietnam. After 1954, when Vietnam was partitioned, Cochin China became the heartland of South Vietnam; it was later divided into several provinces.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cochin China

 

(1) The European name for the southern part of the medieval state of Dai-Viet in the 16th century and for the parts of Dai-Viet under the domination of the Nguyen dynasty in the 17th and 18th centuries.

(2) The European name for all of Vietnam in the first half of the 19th century. It was also the name given to the southern provinces of Vietnam (southwest of the modern province of Binh Thuan) after they were seized by the French in 1862–67 and annexed as a French colony. The name Cochin China is not used by the Vietnamese; under the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam the area is called Nam-bo.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cochin China

a former French colony of Indochina (1862--1948): now the part of Vietnam that lies south of Phan Thiet
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
He had taught in France, so would have been able to communicate with the French in Cochin China. But he did not know any local languages.
The Japanese only took direct control of the administration on March 9th, 1945, finally removing the French from any vestige, of authority for a critical period during which, for the first time, Cochin China was administratively united with Annam and Tonkin to form the basis of modern Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh was now able to consolidate the foundations of the post-war Vietnamese resistance.
Between May 1936 and March 1937, several political movements in Cochin China (southern Vietnam) attempted to form an Indochinese Congress, intended to be a "people's assembly" in which the Vietnamese would be able to negotiate colonial reforms with the French authorities.
It is Moutet who led a campaign against cruelty committed in Tonkin, against executions in North Annam and against firing on peaceful protestors in Cochin China...
It suggested that the government in Paris should replace high-ranking colonial officials who suppressed Vietnamese revolutionaries, specifically Robin (the Governor-General), Pages (the Governor of Cochin China) and Marty (Surete Chief).
And although Japan in 1940 took the same amount of rice from Indochina which France had taken in 1939, the amount was only 439,000 tons, while Cochin China alone exported 1.5 million tons in the late 1920s.