coconut

(redirected from Coconut trees)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Coconut trees: coconut water

coconut,

fruit of the coco palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (Cocos nucifera), a tree widely distributed through tropical regions. The seed is peculiarly adapted to dispersal by water because the large pod holding the nut is buoyant and impervious to moisture. The trees therefore establish themselves naturally on small islands and low shores bordering the tropical seas. The tree grows to a height of 60–100 ft (18–30 m), with a smooth cylindrical stem marked by the ringlike scars of former leaves. It bears at the top a crown of frondlike leaves and yellow or white blossoms.

The number of nuts varies; a well-cared-for tree may yield 75 to 200 or more annually. The mature fruit as it comes from the tree is encased in a thick, brown fibrous husk. The nut itself has a hard woody shell, with three round scars at one end; the embryo lies against the largest scar and emerges through it as a developing plant. Through this easily punctured spot the "milk" of the young coconut may be drained.

Commercial Value

Its constantly growing commercial value has led to extensive cultivation of the coconut, especially in the Malay Archipelago, Sri Lanka, and India. The coco palm is one of the most useful trees in existence, every part of it having some value. The fruit, either ripe or unripe, raw or cooked, is a staple food in the tropics; the terminal bud, called palm cabbage, is considered a delicacy; the inner part of young stems is also eaten. The milk of the young nut is a nutritious drink. A sweet liquid obtained from the flower buds ferments readily and is used as a beverage, both when fresh and when distilled to make arrack; it may be boiled down to make various palm sugars, e.g., jaggery. The leaves are used for making fans, baskets, and thatch. The coir (coarse fibers obtained from the husk) is made into cordage, mats, and stuffing; it becomes more buoyant and elastic than hemp in saltwater. The hard shell and the husk are used for fuel. The fibrous center of the old trunk is also used for ropes, and the timber, known as porcupine wood, is hard and fine-grained and takes a high polish. From the nutshells are made containers of various kinds—cups, ladles, and bowls—often highly polished and ornamentally carved. The root is chewed as a narcotic.

Commercially the greatest value of the coconut lies in the oil, which is extracted from the dried kernels of the fruit. The nuts when ripe are apt to spoil or become rancid; therefore when they are gathered they are broken open, and the flesh is dried and exported under the name of copra. The oil content of copra ranges from 50% to 70%, depending upon the method of drying. Coconut oil, the major type of palm oil, has been extracted by mortar and pestle in Asia since antiquity; the coconut and the olive are the earliest recorded sources of vegetable oil. Primitive methods of drying and expressing the copra are giving way to modern machinery such as rotary driers and hydraulic presses. The residue, known as coco cake, makes excellent cattle food, as it usually contains a remnant of 6%–10% oil. Large quantities of shredded or desiccated coconut made from copra and many whole coconuts are exported for use chiefly in the making of cakes, desserts, and confectionery.

Classification

Coconuts are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.

coconut

[′kō·kə‚nət]
(botany)
Cocos nucifera. A large palm in the order Arecales grown for its fiber and fruit, a large, ovoid, edible drupe with a fibrous exocarp and a hard, bony endocarp containing fleshy meat (endosperm).

coconut

presented to women who want to be mothers. [Ind. Folklore: Binder, 85]

coconut

, cocoanut
the fruit of the coconut palm, consisting of a thick fibrous oval husk inside which is a thin hard shell enclosing edible white meat. The hollow centre is filled with a milky fluid (coconut milk)
References in periodicals archive ?
About the coconut trees, it was explained that they were the Golden Coconut variety, which may grow up to 40 feet in height if they survive.
It also showed that some 6,305,324 coconut trees have been planted in Calabarzon since 2010 up to the present, and a total of 1,800,426 seedlings have been planted 2013 to last year.
While Souza's canvases from the 1980s are of picture- perfect cottages and coconut trees, the new generation of Goan artists has interpreted the influence in several thought- provoking ways.
Clearing the land of any rotting wood is critical because the pests can attack and kill newly planted seedlings, threatening the next generation of coconut trees. Re-establishing the coconut plantations, which can take more than a decade to cultivate, is vitally important for farmers, who have lost their cash crop.
Oxfam has provided farmer cooperatives with chainsaws and sawmills to clear the land of fallen coconut trees for replanting and help them process the fallen trees into lumber.
Coconut trees smashed through homes while corrugated iron roofs were blown away as if they were made of paper.
"We are growing few coconut trees, generally we see only two types of coconut trees, one variety is tall and another one is short.
He said that he has just completed a tour to Kerala and there he has found that the same disease was affected the coconut trees in Kerala and they had to destroy 90% of the coconut plantation in Kerala.
The total number of specimen prepared from those two selected coconut trees there were 103 samples (small clear specimens).
He also pointed out that planting 100,000 coconut trees in Dhofar governorate comes within the context of His Majesty the Sultana€™s attention to the agricultural sector in the Sultanate since the dawn of the blessed Renaissance.
While drinking some rum with a local developer, they convinced him that he needed a skatepark to give the tourists something to enjoy when they weren't snorkeling, getting chased by giant stingrays, or climbing coconut trees.
Modina's ancestors worked these mountains with their hands; these coconut trees have given sustenance to generations of Modinas.