Code Switching

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Code Switching


in telegraphy, the automatic transmission of telegrams via specific routes according to a coded address in the heading of the telegram.

Code switching is used in systems incorporating automatic retransmission by means of a reperforator, in which each automated telegraph center or station within the code-switching network is assigned a six-digit code-routing index. The first three digits denote the number assigned to the last automated telegraph center through which the telegram must pass. The last three digits (the local index) denote the number assigned to a city branch office or to a district communications center where the recipient of the telegram resides. The index is marked on the telegram when the sender hands it to the cashier at the communications office. The telegram is then transmitted to a reperforator at the code switching center and enters the transmitter of an automatic device as a punched tape. This device decodes the routing index, thus finding the ultimate destination point of the telegram, and transmits it to that point. If the numeral assigned to a city branch office or to a district communications center where the recipient resides is not marked on the telegram, the telegraph operator at the last code-switching station reads the address of the recipient from the tape and then transmits the telegram to the required city branch office or district communications center, using an automatic sender and a regional key switchboard.


References in periodicals archive ?
These include a verb sense of identify that is used in the common construction identify as, and the term code-switching, or the modifying of one's behavior, appearance, etc.
However, as we know from previous studies on bilingual speech communities, spoken languages are used alternately, thus resulting in what is known in linguistics as code-switching or code-mixing.
The multidisciplinary collection, drawing on such fields as discourse analysis, code-switching, media studies, post-colonial studies, conversation analysis, and multi-lingual research, explores English-based hybridization in four sections that explore the role of hybridity in subverting the canon of standard English; hybridized discourses of identity in the media; hybridity in the linguistic practices of online communities; and the ways in which hybrid identities and agencies are constructed through language.
What makes this code-switching so compelling is how naturally it fits within the single narrative voice.
Despite these comments, Lopez Nieves reluctantly acknowledges that most Puerto Ricans in the island practice code-switching and use loan words:
On the other hand, Aisha Al Mahramia€™s project highlighted most common motivations for code-switching among students at Majan College.
Welsh RL bosses reckon the code-switching star will become a hit in the 13-a-side format and, by the time they play Scotland, Ireland and France in October, Thomas will have learned league inside out.
For example, Zabrodskaja (2007) in her study of "Russian-Estonian Code-Switching in the University," indicates that, "oral Estonian-Russian code switching can be used in the classroom to help students overcome communication problems" (p.
This collection of articles includes material on disorders that cross languages along with those peculiar to bilingual communicants such as code-switching and code-mixing.
Anzaldua's redefinition of Chicana/o identities, her use of code-switching, her explorations of border issues and mestizaje identities and her radical mixture of genres transformed U.
Un ulteriore caso di difficolta emerge quando l'originale sonoro presenta dei fenomeni di code-switching, cioe uno slittamento di codice, un passaggio da una lingua all'altra, come avviene spesso nelle interazioni fra persone (o in ambienti) bilingui.
Zentella 1997 and Silva-Corvalan 1983), but the syntactic structure belies any sense of "typical" borrowing or code-switching.