Code Switching

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Code Switching


in telegraphy, the automatic transmission of telegrams via specific routes according to a coded address in the heading of the telegram.

Code switching is used in systems incorporating automatic retransmission by means of a reperforator, in which each automated telegraph center or station within the code-switching network is assigned a six-digit code-routing index. The first three digits denote the number assigned to the last automated telegraph center through which the telegram must pass. The last three digits (the local index) denote the number assigned to a city branch office or to a district communications center where the recipient of the telegram resides. The index is marked on the telegram when the sender hands it to the cashier at the communications office. The telegram is then transmitted to a reperforator at the code switching center and enters the transmitter of an automatic device as a punched tape. This device decodes the routing index, thus finding the ultimate destination point of the telegram, and transmits it to that point. If the numeral assigned to a city branch office or to a district communications center where the recipient resides is not marked on the telegram, the telegraph operator at the last code-switching station reads the address of the recipient from the tape and then transmits the telegram to the required city branch office or district communications center, using an automatic sender and a regional key switchboard.


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The present study focuses essentially on some of the social aspects of code-switching and borrowing in bilingual children.
This combination is usually referred to as code-switching, and it can occur across sentences --intersentential code-switching--as in (5), or within sentences-- intrasentential code-switching--as in (6).
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Towards an agenda for classroom code-switching research.
She identifies the base language of participants and the broad patterns in their alternation, distinguishing between code-switching (a change in the base language) and transfer of a small unit of language.
Acceptability Judgements of Code-Switching Phrases by Chicanos: Some Preliminary Findings.
This often leads to continuous code-switching within classrooms.
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The multidisciplinary collection, drawing on such fields as discourse analysis, code-switching, media studies, post-colonial studies, conversation analysis, and multi-lingual research, explores English-based hybridization in four sections that explore the role of hybridity in subverting the canon of standard English; hybridized discourses of identity in the media; hybridity in the linguistic practices of online communities; and the ways in which hybrid identities and agencies are constructed through language.
Rather like some of the modern poems, which make deliberate use of translation to further their meaning and make specific social comment, (2) some 'Gaelic' plays make use of Gaelic-English code-switching, a realistic and acceptable form of speech for many Gaels.