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Coeur d'Alene, indigenous people of North America
Coeur d'Alene (kûrdəlānˈ), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Salishan branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They occupied N Idaho and E Washington and were also called the Skitswish. Long known as a peaceful group, the Coeur d'Alene were placed on reservations after an encounter with U.S. forces, sometimes called the Coeur d'Alene War, in 1858. Many are now on the Coeur d'Alene reservation in Idaho, and some live on the Colvile reservation in Washington. In 1990 there were 1,048 Coeur d'Alene in the United States.
Coeur d'Alene, city, United States
Coeur d'Alene (kûrdəlānˈ), city (2020 pop. 54,628), seat of Kootenai co., N Idaho, near the Wash. line; inc. 1907. It is a tourist and lumbering center situated on Coeur d'Alene Lake W of the Coeur d'Alene Mts.—the gateway to a summer and winter resort area. The city has lumber mills and meat-processing plants. Fort Coeur d'Alene (later Fort Sherman) was established in 1876. The city (named after the Native American tribe) grew around the fort with the discovery (1883) of rich silver, lead, and zinc lodes and the subsequent mining boom. For the tumultuous early history of the city, see Western Federation of Miners. The city is the headquarters of Coeur d'Alene National Forest.
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