cognitive architecture


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cognitive architecture

(architecture)
A computer architecure involving non-deterministic, multiple inference processes, as found in neural networks. Cognitive architectures model the human brain and contrast with single processor computers.

The term might also refer to software architectures, e.g. fuzzy logic.

References in periodicals archive ?
With some idealization, the question of the capacities of various experimental designs in cognitive neuropsychology to uncover cognitive architecture can be reduced to comparatively simple questions about the prior assumptions investigators are willing to make.
Rosenbloom is a professor in the Department of Computer Science, and director for cognitive architecture research at the Institute for Creative Technologies, at the University of Southern California.
The specific objectives are to investigate: (1) the connection between the epistemology of counterfactual conditionals and the epistemology of claims involving modal terms like possible , necessary , and can , (2) the role of the imagination in the epistemology of thought experiments in science, and (3) the cognitive architecture underlying counterfactual thinking.
It is concerned with the way in which humans' cognitive architecture deals with learning objects during the learning process or when performing a particular task.
Contributed by researchers, practitioners, and theorists in teaching and learning, instructional design, computer-human interaction, cognitive psychology, and other disciplines from universities in the US, Asia, and Europe, the chapters address cognitive architecture, working memory, gesture visualization, and social collaboration; instructional design, with discussion of cognitive load theory, everyday technologies, age-related changes, and cognitive constraints in e-learning; and practical aspects, such as the impact of computer and Internet use on quality of life and autonomy, mnemonic interventions to improve memory, adoption of technologies, the benefits of e-health, the use of remote care delivery technologies, and the use of tele-health technology to support caregiver training.
Our approach is to use the ACT-Rational (ACT-R) cognitive architecture, which is grounded in psychological theory, to model learning and performance in complex tasks.
Carruthers argues for RT Theory by offering a sketch of the cognitive architecture necessary to support human consciousness.
Fodor tells us in his introduction that these apparently disparate themes are united by their tendency to underwrite an atomistic conception of mental content: "Just as an informational view of semantics, of the sort developed in part I, offers the possibility of atomism about meaning, so a modular view of cognitive architecture, of the sort developed in part II, offers the possibility of atomism about perception" (p.
Kenneth Forbus and Thomas Hinrichs describe progress toward reaching human-level AI within the Companion cognitive architecture. Their work is guided by two central hypotheses: the centrality of analogical reasoning and the utility of qualitative representations.
Consolidation of previous experience and knowledge appears to be one of the main purposes of sleep and dreams for humans, that serve to tidy the brain by removing excess information, to recombine concepts to improve information processing, and to consolidate memory.Our approach Deferred Restructuring of Experience in Autonomous Machines (DREAM) incorporates sleep and dream-like processes within a cognitive architecture. This enables an individual robot or groups of robots to consolidate their experience into more useful and generic formats, thus improving their future ability to learn and adapt.
In the second chapter, Reconciling a Human Cognitive Architecture, Jonassen provides a general overview of the constructivist positions.
The papers that emerged from that gathering discuss such aspects as using brain imaging to guide the development of a cognitive architecture, the modeling and control of visual perception, modeling emotions, the minimal control principle, and constraints on asymptotic performance.
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