Cola di Rienzi

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Rienzi, Cola di


(Rienzo; pseudonym of Niccolô di Lorenzo Gabrini). Born 1313 in Rome; died there Oct. 8, 1354. Italian political figure.

Cola di Rienzi dreamed of reviving Rome’s former greatness. In his public speeches he exposed the feudal magnates who had seized power in Rome during the Avignon captivity of the popes. In May 1347, Rienzi led an antifeudal uprising of the popular party, which resulted in the establishment of a Roman republic. He was proclaimed tribune of the people. Inspired by Petrarch, he forced the feudal lords to swear allegiance to the republic and to transfer their castles to the government; he set the tax system in order and abolished customs duties. He called on the other cities in Italy to join Rome. In December 1347 the feudal magnates headed by the Colonna family rose in revolt and reestablished their rule over Rome. Rienzi managed to escape. In 1350 he was arrested by the archbishop of Prague, where he had gone to try to win Emperor Charles IV’s support for the realization of the plans for the rebirth of the Roman republic. In 1352 he was transferred to the papal prison in Avignon as a heretic. The new pope, Innocent VI (Clement VI’s successor), decided to use Rienzi’s popularity to restore his own authority in the Papal States. Innocent therefore sent him to Italy in late 1353 with a political mission. Rienzi and a detachment of condottieri entered Rome in August 1354, where a republic was again proclaimed, headed by Rienzi. However, the increase in taxes that he implemented to pay the mercenary troops needed for the struggle with the feudal lords provoked an uprising of the Romans on Oct. 8, 1354, during which he was killed.


Maksimovskii, V. N. Kola di Rientso. Moscow, 1936.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The other figure that emerged with some frequency in post-war travel literature, as a historical precedent to Mussolini, is Cola di Rienzo (Streeter 40-41; E.
Walk north from the Vatican along the tree-lined Via Cola di Rienzo and back over the river to the pretty Piazza del Popolo.
Clientele e fazioni nell'azione politica di Cola di Rienzo.
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I would quibble more vigorously with the choice by the translator and the press to anglicize beautiful Italian names--but only when there was a simple English equivalent--giving us Leonard Bruni, Lawrence Valla, and John Boccaccio, but also Guarino Guarini, Cola di Rienzo, and Coluccio Salutati.
a Roma tutti quanti, senza eccezione, si facciano enormi illusioni, cosi quelli che vedono il Tevere scorrer latte, o stillar miele i grami arbusti della campagna di Roma, e sognano in Campidoglio l' universale conciliazione degli animi, come gli altri che dalle catacombe di Roma presumono dissotterar non sappiamo quale Italia di lor fantasia e gia si camuffano da Cola di Rienzo.
While Gebhart challenged Burckhardt's secular vision of Renaissance Italy by stressing the importance of religious spirituality in Saint Francis and his followers, Burdach stressed the debt of Petrarch and Cola di Rienzo to German culture.
Located in the historical centre of Via Cola di Rienzo, it's just a few minutes from St Peter's Square.
Chapter 1, "At Rome," details the genesis of Giannino's long journey and immediately draws the reader into the narrative when word comes to Siena in September 1354 that Cola di Rienzo must see the merchant immediately.
The essays examine reform and renewal through such figures as Pope Urban II, Ubertino da Casale, Cola di Rienzo, Jean Gerson, Nicolas de Clamanges, Peter of Candia, and Le onardo Dati.