Cola di Rienzi

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Rienzi, Cola di


(Rienzo; pseudonym of Niccolô di Lorenzo Gabrini). Born 1313 in Rome; died there Oct. 8, 1354. Italian political figure.

Cola di Rienzi dreamed of reviving Rome’s former greatness. In his public speeches he exposed the feudal magnates who had seized power in Rome during the Avignon captivity of the popes. In May 1347, Rienzi led an antifeudal uprising of the popular party, which resulted in the establishment of a Roman republic. He was proclaimed tribune of the people. Inspired by Petrarch, he forced the feudal lords to swear allegiance to the republic and to transfer their castles to the government; he set the tax system in order and abolished customs duties. He called on the other cities in Italy to join Rome. In December 1347 the feudal magnates headed by the Colonna family rose in revolt and reestablished their rule over Rome. Rienzi managed to escape. In 1350 he was arrested by the archbishop of Prague, where he had gone to try to win Emperor Charles IV’s support for the realization of the plans for the rebirth of the Roman republic. In 1352 he was transferred to the papal prison in Avignon as a heretic. The new pope, Innocent VI (Clement VI’s successor), decided to use Rienzi’s popularity to restore his own authority in the Papal States. Innocent therefore sent him to Italy in late 1353 with a political mission. Rienzi and a detachment of condottieri entered Rome in August 1354, where a republic was again proclaimed, headed by Rienzi. However, the increase in taxes that he implemented to pay the mercenary troops needed for the struggle with the feudal lords provoked an uprising of the Romans on Oct. 8, 1354, during which he was killed.


Maksimovskii, V. N. Kola di Rientso. Moscow, 1936.
Mariani, M. “Cola di Rienzo. ... ” Studi romani, 1960, vol. 8, no. 6.


References in periodicals archive ?
Only one of the purported myriad letters he addressed to Cola di Rienzo is to be found there, although it happens to be a very telling one.
Walk north from the Vatican along the tree-lined Via Cola di Rienzo and back over the river to the pretty Piazza del Popolo.
Clientele e fazioni nell'azione politica di Cola di Rienzo.
Our hotel was in Via Cola di Rienzo, an area which boasts loads of boutiques.
SELF-STYLED TRIBUNE of the Roman Republic, Cola di Rienzo (or Rienzi) was so massively fat that when his corpse was hung up by the feet after his violent death, it was described as looking like a giant buffalo or a cow in the slaughterhouse.
The Montanists of the second century, the movement of Cola di Rienzo in fourteenth-century Rome, the Anabaptist Kingdom of Muenster in the 1530s, the apocalyptic preoccupations of the Emperor Alexander I of Russia, the millennial visions of the Metis leader Louis Riel, and the twentieth-century People's Temple of Jim Jones and the Branch Davidians of Waco, Texas, and many more are described.
I would quibble more vigorously with the choice by the translator and the press to anglicize beautiful Italian names--but only when there was a simple English equivalent--giving us Leonard Bruni, Lawrence Valla, and John Boccaccio, but also Guarino Guarini, Cola di Rienzo, and Coluccio Salutati.
Chapter 2 begins with the symbolic importance of Petrarch's crowning with the laurel in 1341, and his relations with political figures such as Cola di Rienzo and King Robert of Naples.
Acuna is best known for her verse drama Rienzi el tribuno (produced 1876; "Rienzi the Tribune"); the tragedy describes the futile efforts of the 14th-century Roman tribune Cola di Rienzo to restore the greatness of ancient Rome.
The other figure that emerged with some frequency in post-war travel literature, as a historical precedent to Mussolini, is Cola di Rienzo (Streeter 40-41; E.
While Gebhart challenged Burckhardt's secular vision of Renaissance Italy by stressing the importance of religious spirituality in Saint Francis and his followers, Burdach stressed the debt of Petrarch and Cola di Rienzo to German culture.
Located in the historical centre of Via Cola di Rienzo, it's just a few minutes from St Peter's Square.