Colchester


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Colchester

Colchester (kōlˈchĭstər, –chĕsˌtər), city and district, Essex, SE England, on the Colne River. The city is a grain and cattle market. The oyster fisheries of the Colne are important; an annual event is the October oyster feast. Other industries are flour milling, malting, and the making of boilers, gas engines, shoes, clothing, and farm machinery. Colchester was one of the great cities of pre-Roman Britain, the capital of the ruler Cunobelin (Shakespeare's Cymbeline). It became an important Roman colony and was the particular object of attack (A.D. 61) by Boadicea. To the Anglo-Saxons the place was known as Colneceaster. The witenagemot met there in 931. During the English civil war, the town was taken (1648) after a long siege by parliamentarians under Baron Fairfax of Cameron. Of interest are the preserved Roman walls and the massive Norman castle, part of which houses a museum of Roman antiquities. Colchester has a military base.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Colchester

 

a city in Great Britain, on the Colne River in Essex. Population, 72,600 (1968).

Colchester has machine building, printing, and sewn-goods industries. It has the remains of a pre-Roman settlement (belonging to the Celtic tribe of the Trinovantes) and of Camulodunum, a city dating from Roman times. Under the Roman emperor Claudius, Colchester was turned into a settlement for Roman veterans and enjoyed the rights of a municipality (Colonia Victricensis). In A.D. 61, during the rebellion of Boadicea, the city was almost destroyed by fire. However, it was soon restored and became one of the main cities of Roman Britain. Excavations carried out since the 1880’s have uncovered the largest complex of antiquities found anywhere in Britain. A Norman castle, church buildings, and the grain exchange are among the medieval monuments that have been preserved.

REFERENCE

Hull, M. R. Roman Colchester. London, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Colchester

a town in E England, in NE Essex; university (1964). Pop.: 104 390 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Charlton's Cristian Ceballos hit a post soon after, but Colchester doubled their lead in the 41st minute when Sordell ran on to Moncur's fine pass and tucked home.
Harriott and Sordell have started six matches together during which time Colchester have won four, drawn one and lost one with 12 goals scored.
ONES TO WATCH Cardiff - Matt Connolly: A former Colchester United defender - and Cardiff's most consistent outfield player this season.
Doug Loft was unlucky to see his excellent half-volley fly just wide for Vale but Colchester were always on top.
Colchester manager Joe Dunne said: "We're disappointed to lose the match.
Ward took over at Colchester in May 2010 when Aidy Boothroyd was headhunted by the Sky Blues and chairman Joe Dunne admitted yesterday: "In so many areas, John Ward will leave Colchester United in a better position than when he first took over as first-team manager.
Those that don't get an opportunity at Colchester will get one in the final game against Scunthorpe next Saturday.
Anthony Wordsworth fired Colchester in front and Ian Henderson doubled their lead.
Colchester have just made John Ward manager after Lambert's successor Aidy Boothroyd left for Coventry.
JUMP TO IT: Colchester 'keeper Andy Woodman denies Leo Fortune-West Picture: SIMON RIDGWAY
Colchester ended a depressing run of three successive defeats without scoring a goal, but on this display the Saddlers will have to improve considerably to stay in the hunt.