meadow saffron

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Related to Colchicum autumnale: colchicine, Conium maculatum

meadow saffron

meadow saffron or autumn crocus, perennial garden ornamental (Colchicum autumnale) of the family Liliaceae (lily family). Native to Europe and N Africa, it has escaped from gardens to meadows and fields in some parts of the United States. Its poisonous corms and seeds were the source of the drug colchicine. The purplish flowers, which bloom in the fall when the leaves are gone, resemble those of the true crocus and true saffron (of the iris family) but have six stamens instead of three. Other species of Colchicum are also popular garden plants. Meadow saffron is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Colchicum autumnale and Colchicum Waterlily are the varieties most often found in garden centers.
Acute poisoning with autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale L.).
Colchicine, a naturally occurring alkaloid derivative of the autumn crocus Colchicum autumnale and the glory lily Gloriasa super&, has been used to treat gout for centuries.
Colchicine is an alkaloid obtained from Colchicum autumnale and related species, a treatment used primarily in the setting of acute gout.
The absence of colchicine in these products is not surprising since Ginkgo biloba, the source material for ginkgo preparations, is taxonomically unrelated to the colchicine producing Colchicum autumnale and related Liliaceous species.