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Colchis(kŏl`kĭs), ancient country on the eastern shore of the Black Sea and in the Caucasus region. Centered about the fertile valley of the Phasis River (the modern Rion), Colchis corresponds to the present-day region of MingreliaMingrelia
, lowland region, W Georgia, bordering the Black Sea. Tea and grapes are the chief products. Poti is the main port. The Colchis of the ancients, Mingrelia was a vassal principality (with Zugdidi as capital) under the Ottoman Empire. It was annexed to Russia in 1803.
..... Click the link for more information. in Georgia. In Greek legend it was the home of Aeëtes and Medea, the land where the Golden Fleece was sought by JasonJason,
in Greek mythology, son of Aeson. When Pelias usurped the throne of Iolcus and killed (or imprisoned) Aeson and most of his descendants, Jason was smuggled off to the centaur Chiron, who reared him secretly on Mt. Pelion.
..... Click the link for more information. and the Argonauts; modern inhabitants of Svanetia, inland from Mingrelia, still use sheepskins to trap gold grains and flakes in streams. Greek trading posts were established in Colchis, but the land remained independent until conquered (c.100 B.C.) and held briefly by Mithradates VI of Pontus. After the time of Trajan to the end of the Roman Empire, Rome exerted considerable influence on the region.
(Russian, Kolkhida; local name, Egrisi), the Greek name for an ancient region of western Georgia. The name was given by writers in the early first millennium B.C. to the territory of the southeastern and eastern Black Sea region, after the Colchians, who lived there. In the sixth century B.C., the Greek colonies of Dioscurias and Phasis arose there. In the sixth to second centuries B.C., the Colchian Kingdom occupied Colchis, which later became part of the various states of Georgia.