Cold Injury

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cold injury

[′kōld ‚in·jə·rē]
Physical trauma following exposure to very low temperatures.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cold Injury


a type of injury (trauma) in which low environmental temperature is the traumatizing agent. Cold injury is manifested mainly by frostbite and chilblain. A serious form of cold injury is freezing, which results from many hours of exposure to extreme cold and may occur when the affected person is in a state of alcohol intoxication. Freezing is a condition dangerous to life that involves not local changes, as in frostbite, but a generalized morbid reaction of the entire body. In cases of freezing, reanimation measures (measures for reviving the body’s vital functions) are required.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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One hundred and thirty-nine hospitalizations were related to cold injury, and 26 were related to heat extremes.
1H said he had not read Joint Service Publication (JSP) 539, the policy for preventing heat illness and cold injury in the armed forces.
It was not until he left the Army that it was identified it as non-freezing cold injury, or NFCI.
"However, if you brought a grapevine cane inside in January, it would break bud more rapidly, and bud burst would be consistent along the cane (unless there had been some cold injury to the buds).
All that trapped air insulates the body against heat loss and prevents cold injury.
"We have seen that the low-level neglect or lack of thought given to a procedure that leads to a cold injury can, with different equipment or in different circumstances, cause a fatality on a shooting range or in a vehicle store," said Ms Tuckman.
Compare healthy cane tissues (D) with moderate cold injury indicated by discolored cambium tissues (E).
Specialist Dr Howard Oakely diagnosed a "gross" case of nonfreezing cold injury - trench foot - and wrote in his medical report: "I am very concerned that he appears to have been deterred from seeking medical attention and has suffered from pain for over a year."
It is less prone to lodging and cold injury than most semidwarf club cultivars.