Colfax, Schuyler

Colfax, Schuyler

(skī`lər kōl`făks), 1823–85, Vice President of the United States (1869–73), b. New York City. He moved in boyhood to Indiana. First a Whig editor, he later helped to organize Indiana's Republican party. He was a member of the House of Representatives (1855–69), serving (1863–69) as speaker. In 1868 he became vice president under Ulysses S. Grant. Colfax was involved in the Crédit Mobilier of AmericaCrédit Mobilier of America
, ephemeral construction company, connected with the building of the Union Pacific RR and involved in one of the major financial scandals in American history. Oakes Ames, Thomas C.
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 scandal, which ended his political career.

Bibliography

See biography by W. H. Smith (1952).

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Colfax, Schuyler

(1823–85) vice-president, U.S. representative; born in New York City. He was a newspaperman and U.S. representative (Rep., Ind.; 1855–69). He and Ulysses Grant easily won the 1868 election. He was implicated in the Credit Mobilier scandal in 1872. He defended his receipt of 20 shares of the Credit Mobilier stock, but his reputation was ruined—only the near end of his term prevented a possible impeachment.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.