mousebird

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Related to Coliformes: Coliform bacteria, Escherichia coli

mousebird

or

coly

(kō`lē), common name for small, slender birds, comprising six species in the single genus Colius of the family Coliidae. They resemble mice in their soft, hairlike body feathers, typically gray or brown in color, and their habit of creeping and scurrying about on trees and bushes. They are versatile acrobats, and can feed in any position, often hanging upside down. Their long, stiff tails, which are more than twice the body length, crested heads, and strong, curved claws give them a resemblance to the woodpeckers, whom they also resemble in their tree-climbing adaptation. Unlike the woodpeckers, however, mousebirds are further aided in climbing by a reversible outer toe. They have stubby, finchlike bills, and feed on a diet of berries and fruit. Mousebirds are gregarious and are found in bands of 20 to 30 throughout the orchard and brush country of sub-Saharan Africa. The birds lay from two to seven eggs per clutch, either plain cream or white, and speckled with brown, in nests ranging from shallow cups of fibrous material (such as those built by the blue-naped mousebird, C. macrourus) to twig and root, leaf-lined platforms. Nesting duties are perfomed by both parents. The young hatch in two weeks, after which they are fed partially digested, regurgitated food. Mousebirds are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Coliiformes, family Coliidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
En 1986, el IIAP, 1994 reporto que el rio Nanay presenta niveles altos de cromo hexavalente y altos valores de coliformes. En el rio Amazonas altos niveles de coliformes.
As analises microbiologicas realizadas verificaram a contagem total de microrganismos aerobios mesofilos, enterobacterias, contagem de coliformes totais e termotolerantes, Escherichia coli e estafilococos coagulase positiva (S.
Se observa que en el tanque de suministro solamente se aislaron Pseudomonas, mientras que en el tanque subterraneo se aislaron ademas de las Pseudomonas, coliformes totales y Enterococcus.
En el grupo de coliformes totales estan incluidos los bacilos Gram negativos, no formadores de esporas, que fermentan la lactosa con produccion de gas dentro de las 48 horas a 35[grados]C.
En respuesta a la importancia que representa para la salud el consumo de verduras, y teniendo en cuenta la importancia de los vegetales crudos como fuente de enfermedades transmitidas por alimentos, la presente investigacion planteo como objetivo determinar la calidad microbiologica (Aerobios Mesofilos, Coliformes Totales, Fecales, Escherichia coli) y Salmonella en ensaladas crudas que se expenden en puestos ambulantes de comida rapida de la ciudad de Maracaibo-Venezuela, donde el uso de los vegetales constituyen un ingrediente importante en la preparacion de estos alimentos.
La determinacion de coliformes (COLIT) se realizo con el medio CromolDTMColi (bioMerieux, Espana), incubado a 37[grados]C durante 24 h [21].
No 591-2008-MINSA (MINSA, 2008), dispone de criterios microbiologico que se deben cumplir para el subgrupo de quesos frescos, denotando valores minimos y maximos que garanticen la inocuidad del alimento, haciendo referencia a la presencia de coliformes (5x[10.sup.2]-[10.sup.3]), Staphylococcus aureus (10-[10.sup.2]), Echerichia coli (3-10), Listeria monocytogenes (ausencia/25g) y las Salmonela spp.
Para ambos indicadores los niveles de contaminacion fecal (Coliformes totales y termotolerantes), del Terminal Pesquero ECOMPHISA (Punto 3) aumento considerablemente, aportando en su efluente 5.8x[10.sup.7] de coliformes totales y 3.9x[10.sup.7] de coliformes termotolerantes, convirtiendose en uno de los mayores contaminantes del Dren 4000 de la Caleta Santa Rosa.
La inocuidad se analizo mediante la cuantificacion de coliformes totales, mohos y levaduras, y la determinacion de presencia de Salmonella ssp.
El agua preparada presento 60 unidades nefelometricas de turbidez (UTN), 9 UFC/i00 ml de coliformes fecales, 30 UFC/100 ml de coliformes totales y 6,9 de pH.