Colima(redirected from Colima State)
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Colima, state, Mexico
Colima (kōlēˈmä), state, 2,010 sq mi (5,206 sq km), SW Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean. The capital is Colima; the port is Manzanillo. The second smallest in population and one of the smallest in area of the Mexican states, Colima is wedged between Jalisco, which nearly surrounds it, and Michoacán. Most of the state lies within the cool highlands of the Sierra Madre Occidental. The Colima volcano and Nevado de Colima, a neighboring peak, are just across the border in Jalisco.
Sugarcane, bananas, and tropical fruits, as well as some of Mexico's finest coffee, are Colima's primary agricultural products. Colima is also one of Mexico's largest iron-producing states; the ore is processed at Lázaro Cárdenas. Economic development has been hindered by inadequate communications, although tourism is being developed along the coast.
Once part of the ancient Aztec kingdom of Colima, the region was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th cent. Wars between conservative and liberal forces during the 19th cent. brought much fighting to the state.
Colima, city, Mexico
Colima, volcano, Mexico
a state in southwestern Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean. Area, 5,500 sq km; population, 240,000 (1970). The administrative center is the city of Colima. Hilly and mountainous relief (to 1,000 m) predominates. Of the state’s economically active population, 60 percent is engaged in agriculture. Nonmarket agriculture is practiced in the mountains (in Indian communities); the coast and the foothill regions have fruit, sugarcane, peanuts, and rice on irrigated lands, primarily in the Armería River basin. Agricultural produce is processed in the cities. Colima’s main port, Manzanillo, is linked by rail with Mexico City.
a city in southwestern Mexico, the administrative center of the state of Colima. Population, 71,000 (1969). Colima is the trade, distribution, and transportation center of an irrigated agricultural area. It has food and textile industries.
a volcano in western Mexico (the state of Jalisco), in the Sierra Madre Occidental; located 80 km from the Pacific. Colima consists of two conical peaks: the higher, Nevado de Colima, 4,625 m high, is an extinct volcano, usually covered with snow; the other, the active Volcán de Colima, or Volcán de Fuego de Colima, 3,846 m high, is called the Mexican Vesuvius. The laVa is close to basalt in composition.