Campbell, Colin, Baron Clyde

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Campbell, Colin, Baron Clyde,

1792–1863, British general. He commanded troops in China (1842–46) and India (1847–54) and in the famous victory at BalaklavaBalaklava
, section of the city of Sevastopol, on the Crimean peninsula. In ancient times it was an important Greek commercial city. In the Middle Ages it belonged to the Genoese until it was taken (1475) by the Turks, who gave it its present name.
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 (1854) in the Crimean War. For his services in India in suppressing the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
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 (1857) he was created baron in 1858. He was made a field marshal in 1862.