collective bargaining

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collective bargaining,

in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.


See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

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collective bargaining

the negotiations about terms and conditions of employment which take place between an employer, or an employers association, and one or more TRADE UNIONS. Sociological interest in collective bargaining has involved, for example, consideration of the implications it has for the structure, aims and accomplishments of trade unions, the relations between managers and employees, and the dynamics of capitalist society; an underlying theme being the extent to which it is associated with the institutionalization of conflict and, relatedly, the separation of economic and political issues (see POSTCAPITALISM, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS).
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

collective bargaining

[kə′lek·tiv ′bär·gən·iŋ]
(industrial engineering)
The negotiation for mutual agreement in the settlement of a labor contract between an employer or his representatives and a labor union or its representatives.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, the 3rd Circuit has held if there is silence on the issue in collective bargaining agreements, they may allow an employer to modify or eliminate benefits.
An "open shop" agreement is one in which the union negotiates the collective bargaining agreement on behalf of all bargaining unit employees, but those employees do not have to pay any portion of the dues if they do not join the union.
Categories: Government Operations, Collective bargaining, Collective bargaining agreements, Contractor personnel, Cost analysis, Cost effectiveness analysis, Employment, Evaluation criteria, Evaluation methods, Federal procurement, Labor unions, Performance appraisal, Performance measures, Postal service, Postal service employees, Productivity in government, Service contracts
After negotiation of a contract or collective bargaining agreement is drafted, both sides then vote to ratify or reject the proposed contract.
Those responsibilities may include dealing with efforts by a union to organize the workforce, operating within the parameters of a collective bargaining agreement, trying to head-off labor unrest that could result in job actions, and similar realities of work, or being part of a union organization.
* reduce the number of separate collective bargaining agreements to 36 from the current 400;
Approximately 70 percent of teachers work under collective bargaining agreements (Nelson, Rosen, & Powell, 1996).
The main volume provides guidance on the structure and case law of the RLA and is designed to help labor practitioners define a carrier and/or entities, litigate cases, enforce agreements, establish voting procedures, negotiate collective bargaining agreements and select a bargaining representative.
For environments with collective bargaining agreements, union members and stewards should learn that mediation does not threaten any union prerogatives, and can enhance their own effectiveness, and stature.
She claimed the legislation compelled employees to accept collective bargaining agreements against their will.The move came during consideration of the Bill's provisions allowing protection for workers from dismissal if they refused to enter into an individual contract which would replace a collective bargaining agreement negotiated between the union and an employer.
Lucky Stores, a fiscal-year taxpayer, contributed to several multi-employer pension plans on a monthly basis under collective bargaining agreements. Each contribution was calculated by multiplying the number of hours or weeks worked by covered employees during the month by a monetary rate set in the collective bargaining agreement.
Based on data collected from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, severance pay and advance notice of layoffs and plant shutdowns seem to get negotiated into collective bargaining agreements whenever there is a strong demand for these provisions by workers and their unions and when firms are willing to supply them.

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