collective bargaining

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collective bargaining,

in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.

Bibliography

See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

collective bargaining

the negotiations about terms and conditions of employment which take place between an employer, or an employers association, and one or more TRADE UNIONS. Sociological interest in collective bargaining has involved, for example, consideration of the implications it has for the structure, aims and accomplishments of trade unions, the relations between managers and employees, and the dynamics of capitalist society; an underlying theme being the extent to which it is associated with the institutionalization of conflict and, relatedly, the separation of economic and political issues (see POSTCAPITALISM, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS).

collective bargaining

[kə′lek·tiv ′bär·gən·iŋ]
(industrial engineering)
The negotiation for mutual agreement in the settlement of a labor contract between an employer or his representatives and a labor union or its representatives.
References in periodicals archive ?
The court held that bargaining history is only one consideration in determining the legitimacy of new bargaining units, asserting that it is incorrect to suggest that the common interest of the eight schools necessitates that there be one collective bargaining unit. The court also examined the concept of "community of interest" and the factors that comprise its definition, concluding that while the majority of the factors favored the SJCTO's contention, the "community of interest" concept does not lend itself to a mechanical application.
Collective bargaining units such as unions may help secure pay and hours.
In most cases, their employees remain district employees, and therefore part of collective bargaining units.
Vaillancourts contract is not included in a multi-step salary system that covers other collective bargaining units, like the teachers contract, the memo reads; meaning Vaillancourt does not get step increases or compensation for movement within set levels.
Contract negotiations for our collective bargaining units at Marcus Daly Memorial Hospital in Hamilton and Clark Fork Valley Hospital in Plains have been successfully concluded with positive results for our members.
Finally, a round table discussion was held regarding setting up a legislative agenda, identifying the need for early determination of lobby days so nurses can attend, and brainstorming ideas of proposals that collective bargaining units would like to have MNA sponsor.
Keri Cross, Huntley--I believe that continuing support and knowledge of collective bargaining units is what will take nursing to the next level.
The legislationalso seeks to expand that practice to about 5,700 other employees who are covered by collective bargaining units, many of whom are full-time employees of various state colleges and universities.

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