collective behaviour

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collective behaviour

the action or behaviour of people in groups and crowds -crowd behaviour – where, as the result of physical proximity, and the protection and contagion of the group, the action of individuals is out-of-the-ordinary, tends to depart from routine standards of social demeanour, and may be more than usually explosive and unpredictable. In early sociological and social psychological theories of collective behaviour (notably in the work of Gustav LeBon, The Crowd, 1895), as well as in more recent theories (e.g. Smelser, 1962), it is seen as a potential threat to normal social order. As such, the various forms of collective behaviour, including such phenomena as rallies, riots and rebellions, sometimes play a significant part in SOCIAL MOVEMENTS and SOCIAL CHANGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Animals of every size, from insects to whales, display this kind of collective behavior," says Nicholas Ouellette, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at Stanford University, Palo Alto, Calif.
Christmas is not only a feast but a riveting ambiance that seeps into our collective behavior. As a people, we are now riding a wave of positivity, our thoughts and actions focused on celebrating our most important religious feast and national fiesta.
He said that community based collective behavior change will be our preferred approach.
A quasiparticle forms when the collective behavior of particles in a material creates a disturbance that behaves like a single particle (SN: 10/18/14, p.
Many studies of robot cooperative behavior using mathematical methods can be found to determine the major factor for the system behaviors and have enhanced the understanding of emergent properties of robot collective behavior. Probabilistic robotics is concerned with perception and control in the face of uncertainty [20].
The theoretical and comparative influences, all salutary, are not hard to identify: subaltern studies perspectives, the "moral economy" model of collective behavior, the work of political scientists such as James C.
The emphasis in this definition is on the process of open participation by citizens changing the "relationships, positions and rules" among "stakeholders." In as much as the above definition of social innovation seems useful, it equally misses the political point with respect to the ways in which new forms of collective behavior, that are enabled by social media, encourage and promote collaborative problem solving.
This book avoids the usual arguments for God in favor of discussing science-based findings, collective behavior patterns, and the concept of God as an "emergent phenomenon" in each person.
The resulting computational model is robust and is capable of modeling the collective behavior of CNTs.
A grounding in industrial sociology--from the study of the collective behavior of Trobriand Islanders to the beginning of the social media aspects of Internet usage--led me to explore many aspects of diverse wants and needs, viewed in past, present, and future time frames.
It might be laughable, but consequences of our collective behavior include continuing national decline.

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