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the principle of ownership of the means of production, by the state or the people


  1. any politicoeconomic doctrine which advocates communal or state ownership, and communal or state control of the means of production and distribution, e.g. COMMUNISM OR SOCIALISM.
  2. any political system in which communal or state ownership and control of the means of production and distribution is the dominant mode of economic organization. Actual forms of organization under collectivism vary widely. Thus, in some contexts, collectivism may involve a large measure of collective self-management.



a feature of socialist and communist social relations and a principle of communist morality that reveals the essence of the relationship between an individual and the society as a whole, the personality and the collective. Collectivism is the opposite of individualism. Historically, as a moral principle it originates even under the conditions of bourgeois society, within the working-class milieu, in the united actions of proletarians against the power of capital. Only in socialist society, however, does collectivism become a universal principle of relations between people in all spheres of social life, a prime requirement of personal moral conduct.

The social basis of socialist collectivism is public ownership of the means of production, which eliminates the exploitation of one person by another. Collectivism presupposes relations between society and the individual such that the development of society as a whole creates favorable conditions for the all-around development of the individual, and the development of the individual is the precondition for the progress of all of society. The main requirements that follow from the principle of collectivism in relations between people are comradely mutual assistance, the conscious acceptance and performance of one’s duty to society, the disciplined combining of social interests with those of the individual, and respect for the collective and its interests. The principle of collectivism presupposes a high degree of personal responsibility on the individual’s part: each person must answer not only for his or her own behavior and life-style but also for the fate of the collective and ultimately for the fate of society.

The program of the CPSU has as one of its aims the strengthening of collectivist tendencies in all spheres of life. The moral code of the builders of communism includes the very important principle: “collectivism and comradely mutual assistance; all for one and one for all.”

“Joint planned labor by the members of society, their daily participation in the management of state and public affairs, and the development of communist relations of comradely cooperation and mutual support result in the transformation of people’s consciousness along the lines of collectivism, industriousness, and humanism” (Programma KPSS, 1972, p. 117).

References in periodicals archive ?
Since we live in a collective society, women here know that their decisions affect not only them but their whole family and reputation.
We come from a collective society, where relationship to family, network and community come prior to the self interest.
An extension of this has been the successful introduction of standardised Herd Health Sale Declarations in 2007, and now available at all collective society sales in 2008 and going forward.
The city is defined by its collective society, and an imbalance is not healthy.
In case you never heard of it (and I'd bet few Canadians know it exists) the Copyright Board, by its own definition, is an "economic regulatory body empowered to establish, either mandatorily, (their word, not mine) or at the request of an interested party, the royalties to be paid for the use of works protected by copyright, when the administration of these rights is entrusted to a collective society.
As Dewey said, "Children who know how to think for themselves spoil the harmony of the collective society which is coming.
Starting with the 18th century and extending into the first half of the 19th century, he attempts to demonstrate how in Western Europe (particularly Britain) and America the pursuit of individual self-interest in a free competitive marketplace emerged out of traditional collective society.
She added that if a collective society seeks to bring about change it can be achieved due to the flexibility and adaptability of human nature.
In an extension of Herd Health policy, the British Limousin Cattle Society is set to introduce the standardisation of herd health declarations and information at Collective Society Sales commencing with the 2007 May Sale at Carlisle on May 5.

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