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the principle of ownership of the means of production, by the state or the people


  1. any politicoeconomic doctrine which advocates communal or state ownership, and communal or state control of the means of production and distribution, e.g. COMMUNISM OR SOCIALISM.
  2. any political system in which communal or state ownership and control of the means of production and distribution is the dominant mode of economic organization. Actual forms of organization under collectivism vary widely. Thus, in some contexts, collectivism may involve a large measure of collective self-management.



a feature of socialist and communist social relations and a principle of communist morality that reveals the essence of the relationship between an individual and the society as a whole, the personality and the collective. Collectivism is the opposite of individualism. Historically, as a moral principle it originates even under the conditions of bourgeois society, within the working-class milieu, in the united actions of proletarians against the power of capital. Only in socialist society, however, does collectivism become a universal principle of relations between people in all spheres of social life, a prime requirement of personal moral conduct.

The social basis of socialist collectivism is public ownership of the means of production, which eliminates the exploitation of one person by another. Collectivism presupposes relations between society and the individual such that the development of society as a whole creates favorable conditions for the all-around development of the individual, and the development of the individual is the precondition for the progress of all of society. The main requirements that follow from the principle of collectivism in relations between people are comradely mutual assistance, the conscious acceptance and performance of one’s duty to society, the disciplined combining of social interests with those of the individual, and respect for the collective and its interests. The principle of collectivism presupposes a high degree of personal responsibility on the individual’s part: each person must answer not only for his or her own behavior and life-style but also for the fate of the collective and ultimately for the fate of society.

The program of the CPSU has as one of its aims the strengthening of collectivist tendencies in all spheres of life. The moral code of the builders of communism includes the very important principle: “collectivism and comradely mutual assistance; all for one and one for all.”

“Joint planned labor by the members of society, their daily participation in the management of state and public affairs, and the development of communist relations of comradely cooperation and mutual support result in the transformation of people’s consciousness along the lines of collectivism, industriousness, and humanism” (Programma KPSS, 1972, p. 117).

References in periodicals archive ?
The performance of collectivists was highest when working in an ingroup, as opposed to working in an outgroup or alone.
He was a collectivist, not an individualist; he is to be viewed and interpreted in terms more appropriate to his age.
Horizontal collectivists believe in subordination to a homogeneous group, co-operation, maintaining the wellbeing of coworkers and preserving harmony.
It suggested that people, who emphasized hierarchical structure and wanted self-enhancement regardless of individualistic and collectivist cultures think about negative aspects of human nature and behaved according to these beliefs.
Happiness through harmony and unity in the family: Collectivist orientation Family life is the reference point for group idea of happiness.
Collectivist cultures also highlight the control and balance of one's emotions more so than individualistic cultures (Soto, Levenson, and Ebling, 2005), (Mitamura, Leu, Campos, Boccagno, and Tugade, 2014) and (Schoefer, 2010).
The act of engagement for collectivists would appear to be nonthreatening to self-face and the face of a counterpart, an act which need involve minimal if any conversation.
Government collectivists love to short-circuit the process and set their own prices.
Other attributes of collectivism beyond lower sensitivity to balance in exchange support the idea that collectivists may hold a fundamentally different norm for exchange than individualists.
Much research has been carried out in anthropology and cross-cultural psychology on the differences between Individualist cultures and Collectivist cultures.
Collectivists tend to share common goals and have stronger group identity more group accountability more communication and a more egalitarian reward system.
It was hypothesized that being member of collectivist part of world voting behavior of Pakistani youth and adults is affected by their belongingness to their cultural roots and close ties with in-group members.