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breed of large, agile working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 developed in Scotland during the 17th and 18th cent. It stands from 22 to 26 in. (55.9–66 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 75 lb (22.7–34 kg). There are two varieties of collie; it is thought that originally the rough-coated or long-haired type herded sheep in the torturous climate of the northern Scottish hills while the less weatherproof smooth-coated collie drove cattle to market. Both varieties may be sable and white, blue merle, tricolored (black, tan, and white), or white. Although no thoroughly documented explanation of the origin of the collie's name is ever likely to be set forth, the following is probably the most reasonable. A type of sheep once found in the Scottish Highlands had black markings, either on the face or legs, and was called the "Colley" sheep. The dog that was bred and trained to herd these sheep was known as the "Colley dog," and, later, as the "collie." Today it is one of the most popular farm dogs and pets in the United States. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a breed of working dogs, developed in the early 18th century in Scotland. It was imported into Russia in 1904. Two types of collies are bred. One type is bred by amateur dog breeders; the other, the border collie, is a herd-driving dog. Male collies measure 65–70 cm high at the shoulders; females, 60–65 cm. The head has a long muzzle. The ears are small and partially erect, and the tail is sword-shaped and usually fluffy. There are rough-coated (shorthaired) and smooth-coated (longhaired) collies. The dogs are red or black, with white markings on the forehead, muzzle, neck, legs, and the tip of the tail. In the USSR only smooth-coated collies are bred.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


any of several silky-coated breeds of dog developed for herding sheep and cattle
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Integrity Insurance in Appleton, Wisconsin, has appointed Bobbie Collies vice president of Sales and Marketing.
Cat Spring, TX, October 27, 2017 --( The Bonfire Texas - Festival Gone to the Dogs is the first annual festival, November 4, 2017 at Blisswood Bed & Breakfast benefiting All Border Collie Rescue and Fosters of Blisswood.
Border Collies can be a disaster in the wrong family Think long and hard about your lifestyle and whether or not it is suited to taking on such an active dog before getting one.
My Border collie pup cries all the time, except out on a walk.
Scott, 78, who has been breeding border collies for more than 25 years, said: "It is very unusual for that number of puppies to be all the same sex.
Ben Wilkes, at Border Collie Trust GB in Staffordshire, has been nominated for Animal Charity Volunteer of the Year in the Petplan and Association of Dogs and Cats Homes (ADCH) Animal Charity Awards.
"Border collies are intelligent dogs that love to work and could be used by beach managers," said researcher Elizabeth Alm, from Central Michigan University.
I always like to see an article on using dogs to work livestock ("Head ' Em up, Move 'Em Out!" January/February), but almost all fail to mention farm collies. A farm collie or two once decorated most every farm porch, a vantage from which he could keep an eye on his domain and alert or take action if a lamb strayed, or if a hawk appeared looking for a chicken dinner.
FOLLOWING in the pawtracks of a doggie hero whose story of wartime bravery was made into a film, some of the brightest border collies from Northumberland have also been turned into film stars.