Michael Collins

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Collins, Michael

Collins, Michael, 1890–1922, Irish revolutionary leader. He spent the years from 1907 to 1916 in England, during which period he joined the Fenian movement. He took part in the Easter Rebellion in Dublin in 1916 and was imprisoned for the rest of the year. One of the Sinn Féin members who set up the Dáil Éireann in 1919, he led the Irish Republican Army in the guerrilla campaign against British rule that eventually forced the British government to sue for a truce. Although a convinced republican, Collins, with Arthur Griffith, negotiated and signed the treaty (1921) that set up the Irish Free State (see Ireland) because he felt it the best settlement with England possible at that time. He was finance minister in Griffith's government for a brief time before being assassinated by extremist republicans.


See biographies by F. O'Connor (1937), E. Neeson (1968), M. Forester (1971), T. P. Coogan (1990), T. R. Dwyer (1990), and P. Hart (2006).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Collins, Michael


Born Oct. 16, 1890, near Clonakilty, County Cork; died Aug. 22, 1922, in Beal-na-Blath. Irish politician and statesman. The son of a farmer.

Collins participated in the Irish rebellion of 1916. In 1918 he became a member of the Irish parliament. He was minister of finance in the revolutionary government of the Sinn Fein from 1919 to 1922. As a plenipotentiary of the Irish delegation, he signed the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 that gave Ireland the status of a dominion with Northern Ireland remaining under British rule. In 1922 he became chairman of the provisional government. Collins organized the armed struggle against leftist republican forces.

Collins, Michael


Born Oct. 31, 1930, in Rome, Italy. US pilot and astronaut, lieutenant colonel in the air force.

In 1952, Collins graduated from the United States Military Academy. He served as a test pilot at Edwards Air Force Base. In 1963 he became one of the astronauts of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. He was J. Young’s copilot on the space flight of July 18–21, 1966, in Gemini 10. During the flight Collins made two space walks. During a link-up with an Agena 8 target rocket, he removed a device for studying micrometeorites from it. On July 16–24, 1969, as pilot of the command module of the Apollo 11 spaceship, he participated in the historic flight during which N. Armstrong and E. Aldrin first walked on the surface of the moon on July 21, 1969. From July 19 to July 22 he was in various lunar orbits (30 in all) totaling 59 hrs, 27 mins, 55 sees, maintaining communications between the earth and the astronauts on the moon; he helped guide the separation and docking of the lunar module with N. Armstrong and E. Aldrin aboard. A crater on the far side of the moon is named for Collins.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Collins, Michael

(1930–  ) astronaut, museum director; born in Rome, Italy. As an astronaut he performed two space walks on the Gemini 10 mission (1966) and piloted the Apollo 11 command module, which circled the moon as the first manned vehicle landed there. Director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (1971–78), and vice-president of LTV Aerospace and Defense Co. (1980–85), he founded his own firm (1985). He authored Carrying the Fire (1974), an account of his experiences in the space program.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Martin joins Stieg Larsson, James Patterson, Nora Roberts, Charlaine Harris, Lee Child, Suzanne Collins, Michael Connelly, John Locke, Janet Evanovich and Kathryn Stockett in the Kindle Million Club.
Bridgend manager Drewe Phillips has signed Josh Collins, Michael Parkin and Kristian Hanbury from Cwmbran Town, Brendan Cropley from Uwic, Geraint Frowen of Pontypridd Town, Tom Billings from Haverfordwest County and Dinas Powys player Paul Carro.
George Hayward Marcus Dean Fuller Charlotte Hayward Lois Markle Pru Sidwell Yvonne Woods Martin Hayward Bobby Steggert Robert Shaw Christopher Burns Safia Hayward Anjali Bhimani Edward Hayward David Bishins With: Heather Collins, Michael O'Hagan.
Young midfielders Matthew Collins, Michael Timlin and Chris James could get a chance to impress while summer signings Gabriel Zakuani and Bjorn Runstrom may make their full debuts.
The pair ran on strongly to upset 11-10 favourite Jemmy John and Johnny Murtagh after which the Moyvane, County Kerry-born winning rider, 20, a graduate of the apprentice school RACE in 2000, said: "I spent some time with Con Collins, Michael Grassick and Declan Gillespie on The Curragh but have been with Joe Crowley since last November.
"The last big rush was Benn, Eubank, Steve Collins, Michael Watson and Naz coming through.
The operation was carried out by flamboyant surgeon Dr Sherrell Aston - a regular fixture with wife Muffie an the New York social scene, with Joan Collins, Michael Douglas's ex-wife Diandra and actress Stephanie Seymour.
The points continued to flow freely from Fitzgerald, Ronan and O'Connell with Derry's tally only slightly better than in the first half with points from Collins, Michael Conway and Fergal McEldowney.
The stellar cast includes acclaimed actors Dame Maggie Smith, Tom Courtenay, Pauline Collins, Michael Gambon and Billy Connolly and the screenplay was written by Ronald Harwood, who won an Oscar for his screenplay for The Pianist.
Evanovich and Stockett join Stieg Larsson, James Patterson, Nora Roberts, Charlaine Harris, Lee Child, Suzanne Collins, Michael Connelly and John Locke in the Kindle Million Club.
However, it was also a game which sparked an incredible revival for the Cottagers, who had looked dead and buried after goals from Danny Collins, Michael Chopra and Kenwyne Jones piled on the agony.