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(A huge and ancient statue on the Greek island of Rhodes).

1. <computer> The Colossus and Colossus Mark II computers used by Alan Turing at Bletchley Park, UK during the Second World War to crack the "Tunny" cipher produced by the Lorenz SZ 40 and SZ 42 machines. Colossus was a semi-fixed-program vacuum tube calculator (unlike its near-contemporary, the freely programmable Z3).

["Breaking the enemy's code", Glenn Zorpette, IEEE Spectrum, September 1987, pp. 47-51.]

2. The computer in the 1970 film, "Colossus: The Forbin Project". Forbin is the designer of a computer that will run all of America's nuclear defences. Shortly after being turned on, it detects the existence of Goliath, the Soviet counterpart, previously unknown to US Planners. Both computers insist that they be linked, whereupon the two become a new super computer and threaten the world with the immediate launch of nuclear weapons if they are detached. Colossus begins to give its plans for the management of the world under its guidance. Forbin and the other scientists form a technological resistance to Colossus which must operate underground.

The Internet Movie Database.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


A statue which is larger than life-size.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
The project to make a film out of The New Collosus comes to nothing and, due to a change in the political climate, his work becomes less in demand.
As he sees it, the incident which lead him to embark upon a career as a terrorist was the rediscovery by Sachs of his first novel, The New Collosus, on the shelf of a second hand bookstore, when he was already infatuated by Diminagio's ideal of violent social criticism.
Adams, though, would be the first to admit that he has been the sole architect of his survival, especially as far as being a collosus in the Arsenal defence is concerned.
Hendry was a collosus at the heart of the Scots defence, making the kind of tackles and blocks which earned him his tag as one of the game's most trustworthy defenders.
The setbacks, however, have only acted to fuel our excitement further, as the team behind Ico and Shadow Of The Collosus have been putting together a magical tale of friendship between a young boy and his gigantic winged dog.
But the Italian, a collosus at the heart of the Rangers defence in Parma on Wednesday night, believes his side is now ready to take on all-comers.
Straddling the comedy and music worlds like a tracksuit wearing collosus, Blind Boy Boat Club and Mr.
What could have been Roy Keane's greatest hour turned out to be his most disappointing - and the sliver of hope that Irish fans had been clinging on to since Friday, when the midfield collosus was ejected from the World Cup squad, effectively shrivelled up last night.
Woods would to on to win three Majors in a year when he bestrode the fairways like a collosus. But on this day of days, he had to concede second best to his friend and fellow Butch Harmon student.
As the The Collosus of popular 20th century entertainment.
The faith of the Newcastle followers has been sorely tested by a devilish Frenchman and a Danish collosus.