Colobinae


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Colobinae

 

a subfamily of lower catarrhine monkeys of the family Cercopithecidae. The body measures 41–83 cm in length, and the tail 50–110 cm (in Simias, 13–15 cm). The head is rounded, and the lower jaw is short. Cheek pouches are absent. There are six genera: Colobus, Presbytis, Pygathrix, Nasalis, Rhinopithecus, and Simias; the last three genera are collectively called proboscis monkeys.

The Colobinae are distributed in Southeast Asia, except for Colobus, which is found in Africa. The monkeys are arboreal; Rhinopithecus and Presbytis live in mountains to elevations of 3,600 m. All genera feed on leaves, fruits, and young shoots.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Old World monkeys belonged to the family Cercopithecinae, whereas the PARV4-positive Colobus and Piliocolobus species described herein belong to the Colobinae branch of family Ceropithecidae.
Of these 65 clades, we eliminated 33 because their members had large body size or were primates (Loridae, Galagonidae, Cercopithecinae, Colobinae, Hominidae, Canidae, Acinonychinae, Felinae, Pantherinae, Herpestinae, Hyaeninae, Protelinae, Lutrinae, Mellivorinac, Mustelinae, Nandinimae, Viverrinae, Elephantidae, Rhinocerotidae, Orycteropodidae, Aepycerotinae, Alcelaphinae, Antilopinae, Bovinae, Cephalophinae, Hippotraginae, Reduncinae, Phacochoerinae, Suinae, Hippopotamidae, Tragulidae, Giraffidae, Manidae).