Colocynth

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Colocynth

 

(Citrullus colocynthis), a perennial prostrate or climbing herbaceous plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is also known as bitter apple. The leaves are deeply pinnatipartite, with five to seven pinnately lobed segments. The plants are monoecious. The flowers are unisexual, yellow, and five-lobed. The fruits are yellow and spherical, measuring 7–12 cm in diameter; they have a dry bitter flesh. Colocynth grows in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia as far as India. In the USSR it grows in Turkmenia as an imported annual weed; it is sometimes cultivated in botanical gardens in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. The fruits contain the glycoside colocynthin, which is a strong laxative.

References in periodicals archive ?
colocynthis showed fairly better MIC, against both gram positive and gram-negative organisms, ranging from 125 to 500 ug/ml and 250 to 1000 ug/ml, respectively.
The plant material of Azadirachta indica, Caralluma fiimbriata, Allium sativum, Curcuma longa, Citrullus colocynthis and Calotropis procera, was dried in an oven at 45[degrees]C temperature until reaching constant weight.
Citrullus Colocynthis (bitter apple) Poisoning; A case report.
7: Usage frequency of the most popular species in Er-Rich Rosmarinus officinalis 95 Thymus satureioides 74 Mentha suaveolens 63 Artemisia herba-alba 48 Foeniculum vulgare 39 Mentha pulegium 37 Peganum harmala 37 Chenopodium ambrosioides 25 Dittrichia viscosa 24 Citrullus colocynthis 23 Lactuca serriola 20 Juniperus phoenica 18 Capparis spinosa 14 Note: Table made from bar graph.
The six main local plant species that we have found and which can act against scorpion envenomations are: Hammada scoparia with a percentage of 74%; Artemisia herba-alba with 8%; Cotula cinerea and Citrullus colocynthis at 6%, Artemisia arborescens with 4% and Nicotiana tabacum with 2%; belonging to four botanical families (Table 1).
[12] The Citrullus colocynthis (CC), also known as bitter apple, is traditionally used in Mediterranean countries as infusions to treat diabetes and hemorrhoids and acts as purgative and antiinflammatory agents.
Citrullus colocynthis [Figure 8] are used for dog and insect bites, while Myrtus communis is used for scorpion stings.
In the Mangampeta mining area, the predominantly occurring plants are Tephrosia purpurea, Tridax procumbens, Ocimum sanctum, Anisomeles malabarica, Cissus quadrangularis, Kirganelia reticulata, and Citrillus colocynthis, Some important tree species in this area include Pongamia pinnata and Prosopis juliflora, Agricultural lands with paddy and plantations such as banana, lemon, orange, and mango cover the plains around Mangampeta (Raghu, 2001).
Nessa fase inicial (em 30 de marco de 2014), outro tratamento iniciou e continuou ate o fim da lesao, um medico homeopata orientou que o atleta deveria ficar com a perna para o alto para melhorar a circulacao e recomendou o medicamento em tabletes Arnica C1, Ruta C1, Colocynthis C3 e Hypericuny C3 de uma em uma hora.
Bitter apple, Citrullus colocynthis L., is a plant found in Africa and Asia that has been used for a variety of medicinal purposes, including pain relief and as a topical treatment on the feet of diabetic patients.