Colombo Plan


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Colombo Plan,

international economic organization created in a cooperative attempt to strengthen the economic and social development of the nations of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Officially the Colombo Plan for Cooperative Economic Development in Asia and the Pacific, it came into force in 1951 as the Colombo Plan for Cooperative Economic Development in South and Southeast Asia. There are 24 members and one provisional member, Mongolia. The original formulators of the plan were a group of seven Commonwealth nations; presently Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and the United States are the largest donors. Assistance is given in the form of educational and health aid, training programs, loans, food supplies, equipment, and technical aid; arrangements for assistance are made directly between a donor and a recipient country. Originally conceived as lasting for a period of six years, the Colombo Plan was extended several times until 1980, when it was extended indefinitely. The organization's headquarters are in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Colombo Plan

 

(Colombo Plan for Cooperative Economic Development in South and Southeast Asia), a plan affecting South and Southeast Asia. Initiated by the British government to strengthen its influence in the area after its position had been undermined as a result of World War II. At the same time the plan was intended to weaken the national liberation movement in that part of Asia.

The Colombo Plan was first discussed at a conference of the British Commonwealth in Colombo, Ceylon, in January 1950. The conference set up the Consultative Committee, which included representatives of Great Britain, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Ceylon, and the former English colonies of Malaya and North Borneo. At its first session (Sydney, Australia; May 1950), the member nations of the committee agreed to work out six-year economic development programs, to start on July 1, 1951. At the London session of the Consultative Committee in September 1950, these programs were approved under the overall name of the Colombo Plan. In 1955 the members extended the plan until July 1, 1961, and they have subsequently continued to renew it. By the start of 1975, 27 nations were members of the Colombo Plan, including six creditor nations (Australia, Canada, Great Britain, Japan, New Zealand, and the United States) and 21 recipient nations.

Under the Colombo Plan, individual development programs were implemented basically under the control of Great Britain and the United States. An important part of the programs consisted of military strategic projects (such as airfields and roads). Because the plan was designed to strengthen the position of the imperialist states, it did not resolve any essential problems confronting the young Asian nations, whose peoples were striving to achieve an independent course of economic and social development. The supreme body implementing the Colombo Plan is the Consultative Committee. The Council for Technical Cooperation, located in Colombo, is responsible to the committee; the executive body of the council is the bureau.

D. ASANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Australia's High Commissioner to India Harinder Sidhu said that the New Colombo Plan was a practical example of Australia's commitment to learning from its neighbours in the region.
While talking about working and objectives of the DAP, Mohammad Ayub said the Programme was providing support to various preventive initiatives being undertaken toward drug demand reduction, and provision of standardised addiction treatment and rehabilitation facilities in Pakistan and Afghanistan under the Colombo Plan.
The New Colombo Plan is an Australian government initiative aimed at broadening knowledge of Indo-Pacific students by supporting Australian undergraduates to study and undertake internships in the region, including the Philippines.
The New Colombo Plan is an initiative of Australian Government to lift knowledge of Australian students about the Indo-Pacific region including India by studying and undertaking internships in these countries.
Those who were educated in New Zealand under the Colombo Plan are of a certain (and older) generation.
In 1956, she was selected under Colombo Plan for her Masters in Physiology at the University of Edinburgh.
Lowe's broad canvas stretches beyond the conventional coverage of the Malayan emergency and the abject refusal of right-wing American leaders to entertain Ho Chi Minh's nationalist aspirations, to embrace two initiatives for containing the scourge of communism: the astute Colombo plan and the lacklustre Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) defence organisation.
They look at the region in general from such perspectives as the response of the Colombo Plan Staff College for Technical Education (which organized the anthology), training teachers and trainers, and inclusive development.
During the 16 months between December 1949 and April 1951, when Spender was the first Minister for External Affairs in the post-war Coalition government led by Robert Menzies, he was a central figure in negotiating both the ANZUS Treaty and the Colombo Plan, foundation stones of the alliance and Asian engagement respectively.
" Even 7.2 per cent growth is not discouraging in the context of the subdued economic environment globally," Mukherjee said on the sidelines of a meeting on the Colombo Plan -- a group of nations come together for economic and social improvement in South and South- East Asia.
(3) At the regional level, the Commonwealth nations formed a consultative committee, which in 1950 produced The Colombo Plan (CP), the well-known document for South and Southeast Asian nations.
Lewis); "Assessment and Recognition of Learning and Training--Approaches in the European Union" (Anders Nilsson); "Financing Mechanisms for VET" (Gregory Wurzburg); and "TVET Institution-Industry Partnership: The Colombo Plan Region" (Shyamal Majumdar).