Colonial National Historical Park


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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Colonial National Historical Park,

9,350 acres (3,785 hectares), SE Va., mainly on the peninsula between the York and James rivers; created 1930 as Colonial National Monument, renamed 1936. The park embraces a historic region that includes YorktownYorktown,
historic town (1990 pop. 270), seat of York co., SE Va., on the York River 10 mi (16 km) from its mouth on Chesapeake Bay; settled 1631, laid out 1691. It is included in the Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).
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, JamestownJamestown.
1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake; founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area.
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, WilliamsburgWilliamsburg,
historic city (1990 pop. 11,530), seat of James City co., SE Va., on a peninsula between the James and York rivers; settled 1632 as Middle Plantation, laid out and renamed 1699, inc. 1722.
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, and Cape Henry (added 1939; see Henry, CapeHenry, Cape,
SE Va., promontary at the entrance to Chesapeake Bay, E of Norfolk. Cape Henry Memorial marks the approximate spot where the Jamestown settlers landed in 1607. In 1939 the site was included in Colonial National Historical Park.
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); the Colonial Parkway, part of the park, links the three old towns. Yorktown National Cemetery is within the park. Archaeological and historical studies as well as reconstruction of old places of interest have been done in the park. See National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table).

Colonial National Historical Park

Address:Rt 238 & Colonial Pkwy
Yorktown, VA 23690

Phone:757-898-3400
Fax:757-898-6346
Web: www.nps.gov/colo/
Size: 8,677 acres.
Established: Authorized as Colonial National Monument on July 3, 1930; established on December 30, 1930; redesignated on June 5, 1936.
Location:On the Virginia peninsula between the James and York rivers, a short distance from I-64. The 23-mile Colonial Parkway connects Jamestown and Yorktown, passing near restored Colonial Williamsburg along the way.
Facilities:Picnic area, rest rooms (é), bicycle trail, visitor centers(é), museum/exhibit, self-guided tour/trail. Entrance fee required.
Activities:Bicycling, auto touring, ranger-guided tours.
Special Features:This park encompasses most of Jamestown Island, site of the first permanent English settlement; Yorktown, scene of the culminating battle of the American Revolution in 1781; a 23-mile parkway connecting these and other colonial sites with Williamsburg; and Cape Henry Memorial, which marks the approximate site of the first landing of Jamestown's colonists in 1607. Yorktown National Cemetery adjoins the park.

See other parks in Virginia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Saltwater intrusion, for instance, could damage centuries-old artifacts buried in some of the nation's first settlements at Colonial National Historical Park in Virginia.
The volume is richly illustrated, with both photographs of archeological objects and paintings from the Colonial National Historical Park, Jamestown Collection.
The Colonial National Historical Park contains Historic Jamestowne, a replica of the original site maintained by the National Park Service.
Last year, during the Center for Conservation Biology's spring survey, staff from FWS and the College of William and Mary found eight nests in Colonial National Historical Park, one at Malvern Hill in Richmond National Battlefield, and three at George Washington Birthplace National Monument.
The report details the wide range of impacts from higher temperatures, rising water levels and stronger hurricanes on Jamestown, which is a part of Colonial National Historical Park (NHP), Shenandoah National Park, and Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge (NWR).
Colonial National Historical Park is helping tie together 13 parks in a new partnership called the Early American Sites Network, which organizers hope will have the same kind of linkage as Civil War battlefields.
Veech, the archaeologist at Colonial National Historical Park, which includes Jamestown Island.
In Colonial National Historical Park, more expansive historical interpretation includes area Indians, slaves, indentured servants, and African-American and Hessian soldiers as well as English colonizers.
We're trying to tell all the story," says Karen Rehm, chief historian at Colonial National Historical Park, where visitors are increasing but staff is down to 90 from 125 in 1981.
Among the places where such creative work is being done are Jamestown Island, the early English settlement in Virginia that's part of Colonial National Historical Park, and the site of the Sand Creek Massacre in Colorado, where more than 150 American Indians were killed by Colorado volunteers, as well as Antietam National Battlefield in Maryland.
At Colonial National Historical Park, remote sensing has also been one technique used by the Jamestown Archeological Assessment to provide an updated picture of the beginnings of English America.
James Cittie," as the Jamestown colonists called their settlement, is managed and interpreted by the National Park Service as part of Colonial National Historical Park on the eastern Virginia peninsula.

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