Colonial Troops

(redirected from Colonial army)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Colonial Troops


military units and organizations of armed forces of the capitalist states that are used to maintain colonialist rule and suppress the national liberation movement in the colonies and dependent countries.

Colonial troops are raised in the metropolitan countries by levies based on compulsory military service, by the enlistment of volunteers from the metropolitan country and foreign countries, and by the recruitment of Europeans living in the colonies and of certain categories of the local native population. As a rule, the officers are from the metropolitan country; only a small proportion of low-ranking officers come from the native population of the colonies. France sent many of its colonial troops from Africa to fight in the Western European theater during World War I (1914–18), and Great Britain sent Indian troops to various fronts. During World War II (1939–45), Great Britain carried out military operations in Africa, Burma, and certain other areas primarily with colonial troops, and after the war Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal maintained colonial forces. As the colonial system disintegrated and independent states were established in the former colonies, the colonial troops of a number of countries were disbanded, and by 1973 only Great Britain, Portugal, and the Netherlands still maintained such forces.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Cherokee sided with the British during the Revolutionary War and suffered the destruction of their town by the colonial army. What follows is a story of prolonged dispossession, culminating in removal from their remaining homelands and the genocidal Trail of Tears to a new home in Indian Territory (modern-day Oklahoma).
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Barood Khana ndash an arsenal depot of the British colonial army inside the fort ndash was earlier hidden under tons of debris and wild growth.
Rami Al- Hamdallah, marked 51 years of the Israeli colonial army expansion to occupy the West Bank, the Gaza strip and East Jerusalem during the June 1967 aggression.
"George Washington: Life Stories of Extraordinary Americans" (9781683300748, $19.99 HC, 9781683308492, $9.99, $7.99 Kindle, 144pp) tells the full, fascinating story of the Virginia planter who fought for Britain in the French and Indian War, led a rag-tag colonial army to victory over the British Empire, and was elected the first President of the United States.
On August 17, 1945, he recalled, when the Founding Father of Indonesia, Dr Ahmed Sukarno, declared his nation's freedom from the Dutch, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the then president of All India Muslim League, called upon the Muslim troops of the British colonial army, stationed in the Far East to join hands with their Indonesian brethren against the Dutch colonial aggression.
With the socio-economic transformation of Punjab and its contribution in Indian colonial army, stability and control in Punjab acquired added significance.
At 18, she answered a newspaper ad from a 39-year-old captain in the Dutch colonial army, met him for a date and married him five months later.
He follows the discussion between governments in The Hague, Batavia, and the Colonial Army by quoting at length--adding up to a few hundred pages--from the National Archives, also often included in facsimile, sometimes in difficult-to-read handwriting.
Most Indian soldiers and officers in the colonial Army ignored the nationalist movement and focused on maintaining military discipline.