Colonial Troops

(redirected from Colonial army)

Colonial Troops

 

military units and organizations of armed forces of the capitalist states that are used to maintain colonialist rule and suppress the national liberation movement in the colonies and dependent countries.

Colonial troops are raised in the metropolitan countries by levies based on compulsory military service, by the enlistment of volunteers from the metropolitan country and foreign countries, and by the recruitment of Europeans living in the colonies and of certain categories of the local native population. As a rule, the officers are from the metropolitan country; only a small proportion of low-ranking officers come from the native population of the colonies. France sent many of its colonial troops from Africa to fight in the Western European theater during World War I (1914–18), and Great Britain sent Indian troops to various fronts. During World War II (1939–45), Great Britain carried out military operations in Africa, Burma, and certain other areas primarily with colonial troops, and after the war Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal maintained colonial forces. As the colonial system disintegrated and independent states were established in the former colonies, the colonial troops of a number of countries were disbanded, and by 1973 only Great Britain, Portugal, and the Netherlands still maintained such forces.

V. S. GOLUBOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
On August 17, 1945, he recalled, when the Founding Father of Indonesia, Dr Ahmed Sukarno, declared his nation's freedom from the Dutch, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the then president of All India Muslim League, called upon the Muslim troops of the British colonial army, stationed in the Far East to join hands with their Indonesian brethren against the Dutch colonial aggression.
At 18, she answered a newspaper ad from a 39-year-old captain in the Dutch colonial army, met him for a date and married him five months later.
He follows the discussion between governments in The Hague, Batavia, and the Colonial Army by quoting at length--adding up to a few hundred pages--from the National Archives, also often included in facsimile, sometimes in difficult-to-read handwriting.
While female enlistment in any army was unheard of in Jewish history, let alone a foreign and colonial army like the British Army, between 1942 and 1946, some 3,000 Jewish women, aged between 18 and 45, served in the Auxiliary Territorial Services (ATS) and 600 more joined the WomenAEs Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF).
The Colonial army had been fighting with little food and no pay.
In 1872, his aging mother was incarcerated for three years based on the false testimony of her adulterous sister-in-law and her lover, a military officer of the colonial army.
The Sudanese army was established in 1925 following the a rebellion by the Sudanese elements in the colonial army.
Moyd writes about the askari, the African soldiers serving in the German East African colonial army between 1890 and 1918.
It powerfully reminds us how the greed, treachery, and treason by the then-new Filipino ruling classes led to the murders of revolutionary leaders, to the demonization of the cause of independence, and ultimately to the surrender to the US colonial army.
While declassified documents only reveal so much, Martin Bell, former BBC war reporter and English Independent MP who served in intelligence at the time as a young British conscript, actually lived through the last two years of the EOKA struggle, and in his book The End of Empire offers a unique perspective into where the colonial army went wrong.
On December 17, 1777, General George Washington recruited former Prussian officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Von Steuben to strengthen professionalism in the Colonial Army.
Between 15,000-18,000 African soldiers, generically known as "tirailleurs senegalais" (Senegalese infantrymen) were based at the camp during this period as part of France's large African colonial army in WW1.