colonialism

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Related to Colonial empire: decolonization, British colonial empire

colonialism

the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas

colonialism

the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Colonialism

 

the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Its merit lies in arranging the specific contents of the Colloquies in the broader context of the medical culture and formation of colonial empires in the sixteenth century: "De Orta and the Colloquies, much like science in general, belong to us all and, as such, throughout time and in different parts of the world, they have united people and renewed the universal values of humanity" (xxii).
8) Also in the Netherlands the colonial communication crisis was considered to be a problem, as it threatened the very existence of the colonial empire in Southeast Asia.
In chapter four the main focus is on the colonial empire which was heterogeneous in nature.
As I have written above, Great Britain was at the zenith of its power in 1914 and had as its primary interest the maintenance and stability of its colonial empire.
In addition, this volume will be equally beneficial to individuals studying slavery, the use of torture, and the numerous human rights violations that are the direct result of colonial empires.
These are visionary and hallucinatory impressions that merge personal experience with the stories of the many Italians who lived in Asmara and interacted with the local population from 1880 to 1947, when Italy's former colonial empire was officially dissolved.
To help readers cover so much history in so relatively short a space the authors have chosen various themes to unite the text: the movement of races and religions across the Iberian peninsula and the effects they had on one another; the geography and ecology of that peninsula itself; the 'challenge of power' Spain faced through her vast colonial empire, Europe's first such empire.
Jennings, an Associate Professor of History at the University of Toronto, explains how spas in France, Madagascar, Reunion, Guadalupe, and Tunisia illustrate some of the foundations of colonial empire.
Though World War II started in Europe in September 1939 (and in July 1937 in the Far East), it took two momentous events in 1940 to really bring Africa into the war: Italy entered the conflict with her African colonies, and France withdrew from it with her worldwide colonial empire.
Italy's colonial empire was one of the briefest ones in world history.
This is a useful if curiously old-fashioned survey of the establishment, operation and eventual demise of the colonial empire in what came to be called French Indochina, the political entity made up of modern Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
Summary: African soldiers from countries in France's former colonial empire marched in the annual Bastille Day parade in Paris.

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