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the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, in an interview with the French newspaper Le Monde, Karzai had blamed the US for behaving like a colonial power to get the BSA signed.
Underscoring the importance of promoting independent states in Africa, he used the opportunity to criticise former colonial powers, which he accused of "bullying".
Aquino said a new chapter opens in the history of the country where it is not fighting a colonial power any more, but the scourges of corruption and poverty.
The self-proclaimed 'inspiring national hero' has threatened to wreak havoc on his people for "ignoring his brave acts to save them from the brutalities of the Western colonial power [Italy]".
You can ignore racism but when practically all aspects of your life are determined by a colonial power, the only thing worse (in my opinion) would be slavery.
Selectmen this week approved a feasibility study for the proposal to be conducted by Colonial Power Group of Marlboro for free.
Which European country was once the colonial power in Angola?
Summary: Separatists in south Yemen used the anniversary of an uprising against colonial power Britain to press their claim for independence on Wednesday, while President Ali Abdullah Saleh promised to crush
Britain, the old colonial power, tried to send up Beagle 2, (something the size of a George Foreman Grilling Machine) to Mars last year and managed to cock that up.
Former colonial power Britain called for an arms embargo on Zimbabwe while analysts dismissed as unlikely a proposal that President Robert Mugabe should lead a unity government until new polls.
The EU has been divided on relations with Cuba, with former colonial power Spain leading advocates of engagement while the Czech Republic has spearheaded anti-communist opposition to closer ties on human rights grounds.
BRITAIN last night dismissed accusations from President Vladimir Putin that it was behaving like a colonial power over the Litvinenko murder row.

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