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Related to Colonial powers: Colonial expansion, European colonialism


the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
In many of his poems, his message was that he would no longer allow colonial powers to change his people's culture and identity; meanwhile, he blamed the Somali people for not opposing this identity change.
Additionally, we have made trade agreements with the other prosperous countries, so we could continue our economic prosperity, meanwhile the economic gap between the former colonial powers and the former colonies increased.
Back then, the Arab masses were highly enthusiastic about uprooting colonial powers and establishing their own national independent states, especially after the anti-colonial liberation rhetoric had gained a powerful echo in African Arab countries where people's passions were ignited by anti-imperialist nationalist sentiments.
Whether or not the Sykes-Picot Agreement is the main reason for the Middle East's troubles, one thing is certain: The imposition of capriciously drawn borders by colonial powers has not been a uniquely Middle Eastern phenomenon.
The third phase represents the period after decolonisation where the newly politically independent states built upon the concept of universities that the colonial powers had set up on the eve of their retreat, and continued to fund in the phase of what was termed the "developmental university."
"This deplorable crime falls within the schemes and plans that target the region and its people, and the sons of Arabism who had preserved their authenticity and legacy in the face of colonial powers that invaded the region," a statement by Amal's politburo read.
He said the ISIL has been created by the colonial powers, and stressed that the recent US attacks on the terrorist groups' positions in Iraq are, at best, "suspicious".
Summary: Israel's colonization of Arab lands and disproportionate military savagery against Palestinian civilians is a living history lesson on how colonial powers treated the natives as either servants or subversives who had no rights, and dealt with them primarily by repeated shows of force.
The great depression signalized that the global world system in the power of the European colonial powers ended.
Secondly, despite their alleged fondness for division, the colonial powers did not partition Egypt for example, because it was one political and administrative unit.
Obiang noted that the long history of pre-colonial Africa was not characterized by wars among African peoples, and in the years since colonization, wars have been a result of the division of Africa by colonial powers. "The situation of belligerence in Africa is generally one of purely internal conflicts that are apparently difficult for affected governments to resolve," he said.
Underscoring the importance of promoting independent states in Africa, he used the opportunity to criticise former colonial powers, which he accused of "bullying".

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