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Related to Colonialists: Colonists, colonialism, Colonial rule


the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Rather, we should demand recognition that Israel is Occupied Palestine, that all Israeli towns and cities are illegal settlements, and that it is time to free Palestine and its people from the illegitimate colonialist regime known as Israel.
This is another example of the imperialist, colonialist tradition that considers the Christian portion of the world superior to others.
The Assembly said that the colonialists of old are rearing their heads again under the slogans of spreading democracy and defending human rights, assisted by statelets and emirates that no nothing of democracy, adding that on this anniversary of independence, some fly the flag of the French mandate instead of Syria's flag and ask the NATO to intervene against the Syrian people.
Due the tactical methodology of the colonialists which came to be popularly known as divide and rule has been applied from the colonial days to date.
Libya has in its turn produced the famous fighter Omar Al Mukhtar, whose heroism against Italian colonialists was documented in the great film Lion of the Desert, directed by the late, great Syrian director Mustafa Al Akkad.
The European colonialist had set the rules" Nunez writes.
Myanmar fell under the rule of colonialists and lost her independence in the 19th century.
He argued in 2003 that Koreans were not forced by the colonialists to use Japanese names but did so willingly.
But Mandelbaum, usually described as "the Johns Hopkins foreign policy expert," quickly became Friedman's go-to metaphor dispenser, issuing pithy and grammatically flawless bon mots on an impressively broad range of topics, including Saudi Wahhabism ("Either we get rid of our minivans or Saudi Arabia gets rid of its textbooks"), China's entry into the World Trade Organization ("Some things are in the national interest even though the Chamber of Commerce believes them"), Iraq's insurgents ("the real fascists, the real colonialists, the real imperialists of our age"),Jacques Chirac ("France, it seems, would rather be more important in a world of chaos than less important in a world of order"), and American energy independence ("This is not just a win-win, this is a win-win-win-win-win").
The Martians' behaviour is not duplicitous, but it is threatening; it walks lines between compulsion and choice in a way very dangerous to both the cultural and literal survival of the colonialists and the colonised.
It is about time those supporting colonialists understood what people have really rejected and why.
Second, the colonialists, including white women, attacked urban African women, whom they accused as being vectors of syphilis.