Colocynth

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Colocynth

 

(Citrullus colocynthis), a perennial prostrate or climbing herbaceous plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is also known as bitter apple. The leaves are deeply pinnatipartite, with five to seven pinnately lobed segments. The plants are monoecious. The flowers are unisexual, yellow, and five-lobed. The fruits are yellow and spherical, measuring 7–12 cm in diameter; they have a dry bitter flesh. Colocynth grows in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia as far as India. In the USSR it grows in Turkmenia as an imported annual weed; it is sometimes cultivated in botanical gardens in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. The fruits contain the glycoside colocynthin, which is a strong laxative.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is a translation with a leaf of coloquintida embedded in it, a translation that subverts political and religious hierarchies in the name of pan-Christian unity.
This problem with sympathetic identification is also evident in one of the remaining autobiographical intrusions in the published article where Hazlitt pulls himself up short and announces that he will not compare his life with that of the heroically decisive boxer: "I will not libel any life by comparing it to mine, which is (at the date of these presents) bitter as coloquintida and the dregs of aconitum!" (17:75-76).