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(both: kŏləsē`əm), Ital. Colosseo, common name of the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome, near the southeast end of the Forum, between the Palatine and Esquiline hills. Begun by Vespasian, c.A.D. 75, and completed by his son Titus in A.D. 80, it is the most imposing of Roman antiquities. The vast four-storied oval is 617 ft (188 m) by 512 ft (156 m), much of which is still standing; it had tier on tier of marble seats accommodating c.45,000 spectators. It encloses an arena measuring 250 ft (76 m) by 151 ft (46 m) where gladiatorial combats were held (see gladiatorsgladiators
[Lat.,=swordsmen], in ancient Rome, class of professional fighters, who performed for exhibition. Gladiatorial combats usually took place in amphitheaters. They probably were introduced from Etruria and originally were funeral games.
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) until 404. According to tradition, persecuted Christians were thrown there to beasts. The Colosseum has been damaged several times by earthquakes.


See J. Pearson, Arena: The Story of the Colosseum (1974).



(Amphitheatrum Flavium), a monument of ancient Roman architecture (A.D. 75–80).

The Colosseum is elliptical in plan, about 190 m long and 156 m wide. It includes an arena and four tiers of seats for spectators (about 50,000). The Colosseum was built for gladiatorial fights and other spectacles. Constructed of tufa, it had external walls faced with travertine. Inside, brick and concrete were used for the construction of the arched galleries, and the platforms were covered with marble. The statues and stucco decorations of the Colosseum have not been preserved. Outside, three tiers of arcades (Tuscan, Ionic, and Corinthian orders) and a crowning attic, articulated with flat pilasters, concealed the platforms and the labyrinth of the substructures of the arena. The majestic, grandiose Colosseum, with its powerfully rounded space and the rich plasticity of the arcades, is the most important of the Roman amphitheaters.


Tsires, A. G. Arkhitektura Kolizeia. Moscow, 1940.

colosseum, coliseum

colosseum, 1 showing seating and plan at various levels
1.(cap.) The Flavian amphitheater in Rome.
2. Any large Roman amphitheater.
3. Now, any large sports arena, open or roofed.
References in periodicals archive ?
La "vertigine della seduzione", in cui s'e dissolto il (non) desiderio del soggetto piegato dalla reversibilita ineluttabile dell'oggetto (46), e sapientemente articolata dalle virtuosistiche rimodulazioni dell'urbanscape piu vulgato: il coro femminile di lieder che strania la Fontana dell'Acqua Paola sul Gianicolo, l'Acquedotto Claudio consegnato alla pretenziosa performance di Talia Concept, le Terme di Caracalla risvegliate fellinianamente dalla prova dello spettacolo di magia; su tutti, naturalmente, il Colosseo irretito a fondale delle feste cafonal di Jep.
The impressive final ceremony involved permanently installed 3D mapping/projection on the court with the latest Colosseo Projectors and content control with 4K surpassing resolution.
(org.), Dal "Pan di Zucchero al Colosseo. Intellettuali Brasiliani a Spasso per leVie di Roma e Dintorni.
The chefs recommends that you check out the Armando al Pantheon di Gargioli Claudio restaurant on the Salita de' Crescenzi and Osteria Nerone near the Colosseo Metro station, and have the hearty pasta at the Sora Margherita restaurant on the Piazza delle 5 scole.
The huge cheerful protest march winds past Campidoglio, Colosseo, il Foro, Circo Massimo and the Baths of Caracalla, a better tour of ancient Rome than any bus, We walk with a Norwegian couple, naming ourselves Tourists Against the War.
Colosseo, vulgarmente Coliseo [con corrupcion que ya se da en el bajo latin], y de aqui el cast.
The Colosseo Hotel enjoys a central location with access to main roads as well as a 90 percent occupancy rate in 2004-2005.
Le due fasi dell'arco nella Valle del Colosseo. Milano, 2001.
To stud at 4 years and dam of: Acovia (2001f by Barathea; unraced), Winning Sequence (2002 f by Zafonic; winner), Colosseo (2003 c by Nashwan; winner), Coquerelle (2004 f by Zamindar; Gr1 winner).
Spettacoli del Colosseo nelle cronache degli antichi, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.
Allan was third on Il Colosseo in the Fairer Sex Novice Median Auction Stakes, beaten a short-head by the odds-on Sir Anthony for runner-up spot.
And visitors to the new Colosseo theme hotel will feel as if transported back to the age of Ancient Rome.