Colossus of Rhodes


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Colossus of Rhodes

(kəlŏs`əs), large statue of Helios, the sun god, destroyed by an earthquake in antiquity. Consider one of the Seven Wonders of the WorldSeven Wonders of the World,
in ancient classifications, were the Great Pyramid of Khufu (see pyramid) or all the pyramids with or without the sphinx; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, with or without the walls; the mausoleum at Halicarnassus; the Artemision at Ephesus; the
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 by the ancients, it was built in part by Chares of Lindus (Rhodes) between 292 and 280 B.C. Its bronze was taken from the machines and tools left behind by Demetrius IDemetrius I
(Demetrius Poliorcetes) , c.337–283 B.C., king of Macedon. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in his father's wars, particularly against Ptolemy I. Though Ptolemy defeated him at Gaza in 312 B.C.
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 after his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes. According to legend, the 100 ft (30.5 m) statue stood astride the harbor and ships passed between its legs. In reality, it stood on a promontory overlooking the harbor, and the representational type is well known from images on coins of the same period.

Colossi also existed elsewhere in the ancient world. In Egypt, for example, there were many colossuses, 50 to 60 ft (15.2 to 18.3 m) high. The Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens and the Zeus in the temple at Olympia in Greece were other examples. In Japan, the word daibutsu describes colossal statues of Buddha, usually over 16 ft (5 m) in height. The most notable are those at Nara, Kamakura, and Kyoto. Of two colossal figures of Jesus in South America, one is at Rio de Janeiro, and the other, the Christ of the AndesChrist of the Andes,
statue of Jesus commemorating a series of peace and boundary treaties between Argentina and Chile. Dedicated Mar. 13, 1904, it stands in Uspallata Pass, high in the Andes, on the Argentine-Chilean boundary.
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, on the boundary between Argentina and Chile. An example of a modern colossus is the Statue of LibertyLiberty, Statue of,
statue on Liberty Island in Upper New York Bay, commanding the entrance to New York City. Liberty Island, c.10 acres (4 hectares), formerly Bedloe's Island (renamed in 1956), was the former site of a quarantine station and harbor fortifications.
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 in New York harbor.

Colossus of Rhodes

statue of Apollo; wonder of ancient world. [Gk. Hist.: Osborne, 256]
References in periodicals archive ?
The monuments Philon chose--to be remembered in perpetuity--were the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Temple of Artemis, the Statue of Zeus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and Egypt's Pyramids of Giza.
Starting unexpectedly with Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure (1989), and moving onto the popular pepla films with their oiled leading musclemen such as Atlas (1960) and The Colossus of Rhodes (1961), and ending with Robert Wise's Helen of Troy (1956), Nisbet highlights the major problems that Greece faces in a translation to the big screen.
Ash, author of such DK titles as The Top 10 of Everything, shows and tells how some of these wonders were constructed, too, with information on how the Great Pyramid at Giza and the Colossus of Rhodes were built, for instance.
The largest bronze casting, possibly the largest of all time, was the Colossus of Rhodes, which stood more than 100 ft.
Not that the traditional list of ancient Seven Wonders--the Pyramids, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus in the Temple at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Colossus of Rhodes, Lighthouse of Alexandria, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus--really does go back to the ancient world itself.
Her introduction opens with a full-page Renaissance drawing of the legendary Colossus of Rhodes (c.
In the eight-deck atrium lobby you'll find a huge wall decoration depicting the Colossus of Rhodes, a mammoth bronze statue that dominated the harbor in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes; a Jason and the Golden Fleece mural adorns the upscale, extra-cost Golden Fleece Supper Club.
If that's not enough culture for you, the Colossus of Rhodes - one of the seven wonders of the ancient world - is reputed to lie submerged in the port.
But in January, the company is mounting artistic director Carey Perloff's first play: The Colossus of Rhodes, developed at the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center, in Waterford, Conn., in 2002 (an earlier version premiered at Westport's Lucille Lortel White Barn Playhouse in 2001).