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columnist,the writer of an essay appearing regularly in a newspaper or periodical, usually under a constant heading. Although originally humorous, the column in many cases has supplanted the editorial for authoritative opinions on world problems. Usually independent of the policy of the publication, the columnist is allowed to criticize political and social institutions as well as persons. Well-known American columnists have included Finley Peter Dunne, Heywood BrounBroun, Heywood Campbell
, 1888–1939, American newspaper columnist and critic, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. He worked on the New York Tribune (1912–21) and the New York World (1921–28), where his syndicated column, "It Seems to Me," began.
..... Click the link for more information. , Ernie PylePyle, Ernie
(Ernest Taylor Pyle), 1900–1945, American journalist, b. Dana, Ind. After working (1923–32) as a reporter, an editor, and an aviation writer, he became managing editor of the Washington Daily News.
..... Click the link for more information. , F. P. AdamsAdams, Franklin Pierce,
pseud. F. P. A.,
1881–1960, American columnist and author, b. Chicago. He began (1903) work as a columnist on the Chicago Journal and continued it on the New York Evening Mail, the Tribune, the World, the
..... Click the link for more information. (F. P. A.), Drew PearsonPearson, Drew,
1897–1969, American journalist and radio commentator, b. Evanston, Ill. He traveled around the world as a correspondent before joining the Baltimore Sun in 1926.
..... Click the link for more information. , Dorothy Thompson, Arthur KrockKrock, Arthur,
1886–1974, American journalist, b. Glasgow, Ky. He left Princeton to take up reporting and worked in Louisville and Washington. In 1927 he joined the New York Times, becoming Washington correspondent in 1932.
..... Click the link for more information. , Westbrook Pegler, Walter LippmannLippmann, Walter,
1889–1974, American essayist and editor, b. New York City. He was associate editor of the New Republic in its early days (1914–17), but at the outbreak of World War I he left to become Assistant Secretary of War, later helping to prepare data
..... Click the link for more information. , James RestonReston, James Barrett
(Scotty Reston), 1909–95, American journalist, b. Clydebank, Scotland. His family emigrated to the United States in 1920. After working briefly for the Springfield (Ohio) Daily News, he joined the Associated Press in 1934.
..... Click the link for more information. , Joseph and Stewart AlsopAlsop, Joseph
, 1910–89, and Alsop, Stewart, 1914–74, American political journalists, b. Avon, Conn. Joseph joined (1932) the New York Herald Tribune as a staff reporter and moved (1936) to its Washington, D.C., bureau.
..... Click the link for more information. , Russell Baker, Mary McGrory, William F. BuckleyBuckley, William Frank, Jr.,
1925–2008, American editor, author, and lecturer, b. New York City, grad. Yale, 1946. A popular, eloquent, and witty spokesman for the conservative point of view, Buckley helped found the modern conservative movement and played an important
..... Click the link for more information. , Jr., Jimmy Breslin, William SafireSafire, William L.
, 1929–2009, American journalist and speechwriter, b. New York City as William Safir. A former reporter and public-relations executive, he became a speechwriter (1968–73) for Richard Nixon during his 1968 presidential campaign and continued in the
..... Click the link for more information. , Tom Wicker, Ellen Goodman, Murray Kempton, and Art BuchwaldBuchwald, Art
, 1925–2006, American humorist, b. Mt. Vernon, N.Y. He began (1949) a syndicated entertainment column for the New York Herald Tribune while living in Paris.
..... Click the link for more information. . Noted newspaper columnists have included gossip columnists Walter Winchell, Louella Parsons, Liz Smith, and "Suzy"; advice columnists Ann Landers and Abigail van Buren; economic columnist Sylvia Porter; etiquette columnist "Miss Manners" (Judith Martin); and sports columnists Lou Cannon and Red SmithSmith, Red
(Walter Wellesley Smith), 1905–82, American sportswriter, b. Green Bay, Wis., grad. Notre Dame, 1927. After working on newspapers in St. Louis and Philadelphia, he began a syndicated column in the New York Herald Tribune in 1945.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See S. G. Riley, ed., Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists (1995) and S. G. Riley, The American Newspaper Columnist (1998).