Tegucigalpa

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Tegucigalpa

(tāgo͞osēgäl`pä), city (1997 est. pop. 897,000), capital and largest city of Honduras, in a small valley in the mountains of S central Honduras. The city has diverse light industry, including the production of textiles, sugar, and cigarettes. Old Tegucigalpa, built on a steep hill, retains many quaint colonial aspects, with narrow streets and sidewalks, overhanging balconies, and stair-stepped streets. Across the Choluteca River lies Comayagüela, the more modern but less affluent section; the city's population has expanded greatly there in the last few decades. Founded late in the 16th cent., Tegucigalpa was a colonial center of silver and gold mining. With independence from Spain (1821), it became the stronghold of the liberals under Francisco MorazánMorazán, Francisco
, 1799–1842, Central American statesman, b. Tegucigalpa, Honduras. He led the revolutionary army that overthrew (1829) the regime of Manuel José Arce and was proclaimed president of the Central American Federation in 1830.
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. The city vied with Comayagua as the republic's capital, not securing the title permanently until 1880. Its university was founded in 1847. There is an international airport, but the city is not served by a railroad. Tegucigalpa was significantly damaged by a hurricane in 1998.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tegucigalpa

 

the capital of the Republic of Honduras and the chief political, economic, and cultural center of the country. Tegucigalpa is located in the Choluteca River valley at an elevation of about 1,000 m. The climate is tropical. The average temperature in January is 19.6°C, and in July, 22.6°C. Annual precipitation totals 1,047 mm. Population, 317,000 (1974).

Tegucigalpa is a highway junction and has an international airport. The city has the food-processing, textile, clothing, leather footwear, sawmilling, and tobacco industries. Construction materials and matches are also produced.

Tegucigalpa was founded by the Spanish in the late 16th century, when silver was discovered in the region. In the 18th century silver and gold mining and the quarrying of marble led to a rapid population increase. On Nov. 2, 1880, the capital of Honduras was moved from Comayagua to Tegucigalpa.

Tegucigalpa is characterized by a grid layout and numerous streets of stairs with brightly painted one-story adobe houses. In the heart of the city is F. Morazán Park, which has a monument to Morazán. Close to the park is the Cathedral of San Miguel (mid-18th century; completed 1765 by the architect I. Kiros). In Market Square is the Church of Los Dolores (1732–1815). In the mid-20th century many modern buildings and complexes were erected, including the National Theater, the Parliament, and the Presidential Palace.

Tegucigalpa is the site of the Autonomous National University of Honduras, the Pan-American School of Agriculture, the National School of Music, the Honduran Academy, and the Hondu-ran Academy of Geography and History. The city has seven scientific research institutes, including the Institute of Engineers and Architects of Honduras, the Honduran Institute of Inter-American Culture, and the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Honduras. The National Library of Honduras and the National Museum are also located in Tegucigalpa.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tegucigalpa

the capital of Honduras, in the south on the Choluteca River: founded about 1579; university (1847). Pop.: 1 061 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(b) Estos datos corresponden a las escuelas del Distrito Educativo 7 de Comayaguela. (c) Estos datos corresponden a escuelas intervenidas de Danli y San Pedro Sula unicamente.
Tegucigalpa se dividiria asi en dos ciudades gemelas; Tegucigalpa, y un asentamiento vecino, la Villa de la Concepcion de Comayaguela o Comayagua pequena.
Hacia 1898 se dispuso que Tegucigalpa y Comayaguela, las ciudades vecinas, a orillas de los rios Chiquito y Choluteca, mantuviesen nombres separados y con dos gobiernos municipales.
Tegucigalpa sera la progresista, y su "otro yo significativo", Comayaguela, mas pobre, mas sucia y de mas baja elevacion, permanecera asi.
En julio de 2010, despues de una visita a Comayaguela, Adrienne Pine menciono el simbolismo del rio Choluteca en sus notas de campo:
Muchos se asustan al hablar de Comayaguela, la hermana ciudad de Tegucigalpa; de baja altitud, la que siempre se inunda.
La destruccion que el Mitch causo en Tegucigalpa, la devastacion de Comayaguela y los altos niveles de mortalidad que provoco se debieron a muchos factores; entre ellos se destacan el deterioro y abandono de la infraestructura: drenaje, calles adecuadas, planes de emergencia y recursos para implementarlos.
Mitch mas bien tuvo un efecto contrario: el huracan sirvio como justificacion para implementar politicas que solo incrementaron la distancia entre rico y pobre, entre Tegucigalpa y Comayaguela (Boyer y Pell 1999; Pine 2008).
En la segunda imagen, tambien monocromatica pero con un color fecal (sepia si se prefiere), aparece un grupo de gente mojada y sucia, viendo desde el lado de Comayaguela la creciente del rio Choluteca.
La embajada norteamericana no siempre fue un bunker; antes era mas accesible, pero se militarizo desde 1988, cuando fue quemada y saqueada por estudiantes y otras organizaciones en protesta por el secuestro y extradicion extrajudicial a Estados Unidos del popular narcotraficante Ramon Matta Ballesteros (residente de Comayaguela), quien habia ofrecido pagar la deuda externa del pais.