Tegucigalpa

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Tegucigalpa

(tāgo͞osēgäl`pä), city (1997 est. pop. 897,000), capital and largest city of Honduras, in a small valley in the mountains of S central Honduras. The city has diverse light industry, including the production of textiles, sugar, and cigarettes. Old Tegucigalpa, built on a steep hill, retains many quaint colonial aspects, with narrow streets and sidewalks, overhanging balconies, and stair-stepped streets. Across the Choluteca River lies Comayagüela, the more modern but less affluent section; the city's population has expanded greatly there in the last few decades. Founded late in the 16th cent., Tegucigalpa was a colonial center of silver and gold mining. With independence from Spain (1821), it became the stronghold of the liberals under Francisco MorazánMorazán, Francisco
, 1799–1842, Central American statesman, b. Tegucigalpa, Honduras. He led the revolutionary army that overthrew (1829) the regime of Manuel José Arce and was proclaimed president of the Central American Federation in 1830.
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. The city vied with Comayagua as the republic's capital, not securing the title permanently until 1880. Its university was founded in 1847. There is an international airport, but the city is not served by a railroad. Tegucigalpa was significantly damaged by a hurricane in 1998.

Tegucigalpa

 

the capital of the Republic of Honduras and the chief political, economic, and cultural center of the country. Tegucigalpa is located in the Choluteca River valley at an elevation of about 1,000 m. The climate is tropical. The average temperature in January is 19.6°C, and in July, 22.6°C. Annual precipitation totals 1,047 mm. Population, 317,000 (1974).

Tegucigalpa is a highway junction and has an international airport. The city has the food-processing, textile, clothing, leather footwear, sawmilling, and tobacco industries. Construction materials and matches are also produced.

Tegucigalpa was founded by the Spanish in the late 16th century, when silver was discovered in the region. In the 18th century silver and gold mining and the quarrying of marble led to a rapid population increase. On Nov. 2, 1880, the capital of Honduras was moved from Comayagua to Tegucigalpa.

Tegucigalpa is characterized by a grid layout and numerous streets of stairs with brightly painted one-story adobe houses. In the heart of the city is F. Morazán Park, which has a monument to Morazán. Close to the park is the Cathedral of San Miguel (mid-18th century; completed 1765 by the architect I. Kiros). In Market Square is the Church of Los Dolores (1732–1815). In the mid-20th century many modern buildings and complexes were erected, including the National Theater, the Parliament, and the Presidential Palace.

Tegucigalpa is the site of the Autonomous National University of Honduras, the Pan-American School of Agriculture, the National School of Music, the Honduran Academy, and the Hondu-ran Academy of Geography and History. The city has seven scientific research institutes, including the Institute of Engineers and Architects of Honduras, the Honduran Institute of Inter-American Culture, and the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Honduras. The National Library of Honduras and the National Museum are also located in Tegucigalpa.

Tegucigalpa

the capital of Honduras, in the south on the Choluteca River: founded about 1579; university (1847). Pop.: 1 061 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
While it appeared for a brief moment that the floodwaters of the Rio Choluteca had leveled longstanding social hierarchies between Tegucigalpa and Comayaguela, in fact, death and structural devastation was largely confined to the latter and the poorest areas of the former.
Comayaguela contaba con 40 000 habitantes, y Tegucigalpa, incluidas poblaciones circunvecinas, reunia mas de 50 000.
Tegucigalpa sera la progresista, y su "otro yo significativo", Comayaguela, mas pobre, mas sucia y de mas baja elevacion, permanecera asi.
En julio de 2010, despues de una visita a Comayaguela, Adrienne Pine menciono el simbolismo del rio Choluteca en sus notas de campo:
Muchos se asustan al hablar de Comayaguela, la hermana ciudad de Tegucigalpa; de baja altitud, la que siempre se inunda.
La destruccion que el Mitch causo en Tegucigalpa, la devastacion de Comayaguela y los altos niveles de mortalidad que provoco se debieron a muchos factores; entre ellos se destacan el deterioro y abandono de la infraestructura: drenaje, calles adecuadas, planes de emergencia y recursos para implementarlos.
Mitch mas bien tuvo un efecto contrario: el huracan sirvio como justificacion para implementar politicas que solo incrementaron la distancia entre rico y pobre, entre Tegucigalpa y Comayaguela (Boyer y Pell 1999; Pine 2008).
En la segunda imagen, tambien monocromatica pero con un color fecal (sepia si se prefiere), aparece un grupo de gente mojada y sucia, viendo desde el lado de Comayaguela la creciente del rio Choluteca.
La Kennedy", como Comayaguela, significa peligro en la imaginacion capitalina.
Tanto la Kennedy como Comayaguela son vistas como espacios de criminalidad y, por el simple hecho de vivir alli, sus residentes ya son sospechosos de actos criminales.
Para los residentes de los barrios marginales de la capital, lucieron ejemplos como la incorporacion de Arcadia Gomez, vendedora en un mercado de Comayaguela, como asistente de la Presidencia en Asuntos Sociales, en el gabinete de Zelaya.
De tal forma, fue como se aprovecharon del Mitch para suspender garantias constitucionales e impulsar reformas neoliberales; Lobo y el alcalde capitalino, Ricardo Alvarez, se aprovecharon de fuertes lluvias y una epidemia de dengue para declarar un estado de emergencia en 2010, promoviendo la militarizacion de sectores como la Kennedy y los barrios de Comayaguela que habian rechazado la presencia de las fuerzas represivas del Estado.