martial arts

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martial arts,

various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.

Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. A popular style of jujitsu is aikido, which uses wrist, elbow, and shoulder twists and graceful falls; it is noncompetitive and incorporates various spiritual concepts. Judojudo
, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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, a Japanese sport created in 1882, makes use of jujitsu principles. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, karate, and taekwondo, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo "swords" are used. Judo and taekwondo are Olympic sports. Capoeira, a dancelike Brazilian discipline whose movements are performed to rhythmic music, is gaining in popularity.

The traditional Asian martial arts emphasize allowing ki (cosmic energy; also known as chi) to flow through one's body. This belief in ki connects the martial arts with t'ai chi ch'uan, a meditationlike discipline that emphasizes slow, graceful body movements. The most popular form of individual exercise in China, t'ai chi is often performed publicly in large groups; it has been claimed to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Reep's combat art is a stark and powerful reminder of war's true costs, both physical and psychological.
A friend who was listening, a retired Marine Corps officer, told her about combat art, and the rest is history.
The Army Art Program was born from these earlier programs in 1965 at the request of the chief of military history, and was originally called the Army Combat Art program.
A few weeks later I was on my way to Vietnam as a soldier-artist on Combat Art Team IV.
Alan said: "In our studies the work ethic we've gained from this combat art has led us to work better and more efficiently, while in the ring we can make up for any physical difference by using our brains a bit more.
and the Art Loss Register, the world's largest private computerized database of stolen art works, have joined forces to combat art theft.
Again, Cameron supports his contention that the Marine was no better prepared for Peleliu than his much-despised GI counterpart with a variety of evidence, including the combat art of Life pictorial correspondent Tom Lea.
The Museum opened with exhibits documenting World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam War, as well as galleries on boot camp and combat art.
As in other volumes in the series, the editor's choice of paintings, contemporary studio and combat art, and modern postwar illustrations are welcome additions that perhaps show younger readers another side of military-oriented graphics.
The Current Era Gallery will feature combat art and photography, simulation, audio-visual presentations as well as historical artifacts.
The best combat art of previous eras has been that which approached its subject matter in a direct journalistic way.

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