Cominform


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Cominform

(kŏm`ĭnfôrm) [acronym for Communist Information Bureau], information agency organized in 1947 and dissolved in 1956. Its members were the Communist parties of Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia. The Cominform attempted to reestablish information exchanges among the European Communist parties that had lapsed since the dissolution (1943) of the CominternComintern
[acronym for Communist International], name given to the Third International, founded at Moscow in 1919. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin feared a resurgence of the Second, or Socialist, International under non-Communist leadership.
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. Its decisions were not binding, nor was membership obligatory for Communist parties. It was not a reconstitution of the Comintern, only a setting up of information contacts. Its chief function was the publication of materials designed to demonstrate the unity of its members. In 1948 the Cominform expelled the Yugoslav Communist party because of the defiance by Marshal TitoTito, Josip Broz
, 1892–1980, Yugoslav Communist leader, marshal of Yugoslavia. He was originally Josip Broz. Rise to Power

The son of a blacksmith in a Croatian village, Tito fought in Russia with the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I and was captured by
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 of Soviet supremacy. In 1956, as a gesture of reconciliation with Tito, the Cominform was dissolved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After long year campaign against Yugoslavia, policy of the Cominform was defeated in the fifties.
(91.) See, Geoffrey Swain, "The Cominform: Tito's International?," The Historical Journal, Vol.
On its Fifth Congress held in Belgrade from July 21 to July 28 1948, the Yugoslav Communist Party rejected the qualifications of the Cominform. Suddenly, the warm brotherly relations of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union became so tense that they were on the verge of an armed conflict.
The presence of Soviet forces in Eastern Europe after World War II, formation of Cominform (communist Information Bureau) in 1974, Soviet intervention in taking communists to power in Czechoslovakia in 1948, and the blockade of West Berlin by the Soviet Union in 1948 were some reasons that led to NATO formation.
This goes back to manner in which the regime was imposed after WW2--by local forces rather than through an external power--and to the manner in which the break with the Cominform was effected, both of which inspired pride in the regime.
On June 28, 1948 Yugoslavia was expelled from the Cominform (C0Mmunist INFORMation bureau), the umbrella organization of all communist parties led by the communist party of the Soviet Union.
The evidence is clear enough, what with the Cominform and very well documented fact of CIA manipulation of world literary space--particularly through front organisations such as the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF) and its bevy of journals around the world, from Encounter in the UK to Quest in India.
Throughout the history of the defunct Soviet Union, the major player in its foreign relations was not the Ministry of Foreign Affairs but, rather, the body in the Party Central Committee initially called the Comintern and later the Cominform, and finally known by the innocuous name of International Department.
Few Italians thought the Communist-Socialist coalition stood a chance, which is why Eugenio Reale, the Italian Communists' liaison to the Cominform, had resisted Stalin's order to set up the electoral confrontation.